Hot Water Bag Procedure and its Different Uses
A hot water bag is for varied indications such as the following.
- To relieve pain.
- To help resorption of a hematoma.
- To help a patient with urinary retention to pass urine.
- To keep a patient of hypothermia warm.
- To keep a newborn baby warm in conditions like premature birth, asphyxia, hypothermia etc.
The procedure for the use of a hot water bag is as follows:
- Fill the bag about 2/3 with water at 55-60 degree C.
- Place the bag on a flat surface and remove all air from the bag.
- Close the mouth of the bag.
- Invert the bag to confirm that it does not leak. Dry the outer side of the bag.
- Cover the bag with cloth or a cover.
- Place it over the area to be warmed covered by a towel.
- Change the water inside when it cools.
- Empty the bag after use, dry it well from inside and outside, let some air in, and keep it in a cool, dry place.
- Do not use water at a temperature more than 48 degree C when to be used for small children and patients with heart disease.
- Do not place the bag under the body at any time.
- Do not use a hot water bag if the patient is unconscious or paralytic with loss of sensation, as accidental burns can occur.
- Change the position of the bag after 5 minutes.
- Remove the bag if the site of application of the bag becomes red. Apply talcum powder locally.