First aid treatment of fever its causes and diagnose- “Fever”


Fever is elevation of the body temperature above 37 Degree C. the temperature measured in the mouth and rectum is generally at least half a degree than that of the axilla.

The condition is   diagnosed by the following features.

  1. There may be prodromal sysmtpoms like malaise and body ache.
  2. The patient feels chills and rigors.
  3. The body becomes warm.
  4. The face is flushed.
  5. The pulse becomes rapid.
  6. The patient may get delirious when the fever is very high.
  7. Children below the age of 3 years may get convulsions when the fever is very high.
  8. Appetite is lost
  9. The tongue becomes coated and furry
  10. Sweating is absent. Urine output increases.

First Aid

  1. Give complete rest in bed.
  2. Give plenty of oral fluids. Add a little sugar or jiggery to it to supply calories.
  3. Do tepid sponging in high fever. Cold compresses or ice bag may be applied to the forehead and abdomen.
  4. Give aspirin or paracetamol to lower the fever
  5. Shift him to a hospital immediately if he does not respond to these measures or if compilations develop like convulsions in a child or delirium.

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