Fever is elevation of the body temperature above 37 Degree C. the temperature measured in the mouth and rectum is generally at least half a degree than that of the axilla.
The condition is diagnosed by the following features.
- There may be prodromal sysmtpoms like malaise and body ache.
- The patient feels chills and rigors.
- The body becomes warm.
- The face is flushed.
- The pulse becomes rapid.
- The patient may get delirious when the fever is very high.
- Children below the age of 3 years may get convulsions when the fever is very high.
- Appetite is lost
- The tongue becomes coated and furry
- Sweating is absent. Urine output increases.
- Give complete rest in bed.
- Give plenty of oral fluids. Add a little sugar or jiggery to it to supply calories.
- Do tepid sponging in high fever. Cold compresses or ice bag may be applied to the forehead and abdomen.
- Give aspirin or paracetamol to lower the fever
- Shift him to a hospital immediately if he does not respond to these measures or if compilations develop like convulsions in a child or delirium.