It is passage of watery loose motions. It can be mild or severe. It can be acute onset and short duration, or chronic, lasting for many days. It is more common and more dangerous in young children, especially those who are malnourished. It has many causes. Infection due to consumption of contaminated food is the commonest cause. Indigestion, malabsorption, liver disorders, and use of drugs like ampicillin are other causes.
- Give oral rrehydration therapy, which consists of water mixed with salts ( 1 liter of boiled water plus 2 tablespoons of sugar or honey and ¼ teaspoon salt and ¼ teaspoon of sodium bicarbonate). It reestablishes the hydration and electrolyte content of the body.
- Shift him to a hospital immediately if the diarrhea is severe or there are signs of dehydration.
- Breast feeding should be continued in children.