First Aid Treatment of Heat Stroke its causes and diagnose-Effects of high temperature

Heat Stroke (sunstroke) 

It occurs when the body can no longer control its temperature by sweating as in the following conditions. It can prove to be dangerous.

  1. Very high environmental temperature.
  2. Prolonged confinement in hot atmosphere.
  3. Consumption of alcohol.
  4. Illness like malaria.

The condition is diagnosed by the following features.

  1. There are restlessness, headache, dizziness, and discomfort.
  2. The skin is hot, flushed, and dry.
  3. The pulse is bounding.
  4. The body temperature is 40 c or higher.
  5. Breathing is noisy.
  6. Muscular cramps may occur.
  7. The victim may become unconscious.

First Aid

  1. Move the victim in the cool place. Place him in half sitting position with head and shoulder supported if he is conscious and in recovery position if he is unconscious.
  2. Remove him clothing.
  3. Sprinkle cold water on his body or wrap him in a thin wet sheet. Start a fan to cool his body.
  4. Apply ice cap with ice pieces over the head and neck.
  5. A cold water enema can be given.
  6. Record his body temperature every ten minutes. Do not let it fall below 120 F. At that stage wrap him in a dry sheet and keep the fan on so that the temperature does not rise again.
  7. Give him cool water to drink to maintain his hydration.
  8. Shift him to a hospital if he does not respond to treatment.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.