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Types of Pneumoconiosis(silicosis,anthracosis, byssinosis, bagassosis,asbestosis)its features and first aid treatment

Types of Pneumoconiosis and its features Their features are as shown in the following table. Type                         Features                       Preventive measures Silicosis – It is due to inhalation of dust containing free silica or silicon oxide.  It is found in mining, ceramic industry, slate- pencil industry, and blasting metal grinding, building and  construction work, rock mining, iron and steel industry. The higher the concentration of free silica in the dust,...

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First aid treatment of Pneumoconiosis its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Pneumoconiosis Pneumoconiosis is a group of lung disorders resulting from inhalation of different types of dusts. The dust gets deposited in the lung and the lungs develop reaction to the dust. It may gradually reduce the victim’s working capacity due to lung fibrosis and other complications. There is no cure for this condition. First Aid Maintain oral hygiene and skin care. For person with pulmonary involvement, monitor vital signs. Encourage...

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First aid treatment of Turpentine poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Turpentine poisoning It is a volatile oil derived from pine trees. It is used in the preparation of varnishes, paints, and in medicine. It poisoning usually occurs by inhalation. It is diagnosed by the following features: There is burning sensation in the esophagus. Cramping, vomiting and diarrhea are present. Pulse and respiration become slow, weak, and irregular. Irritation of urinary tract and central nervous system are seen. First Aid Give...

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First aid treatment of Cadmium poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Cadmium poisoning It is a white, ductile, metallic element. It is present in zinc ores. It is used in atomic reactors, electroplating, manufactures of alloys , and rechargeable battery cells. Its poisoning is diagnosed by the following features. Excessive salivation, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are present. Abdominal cramps occur. Headache is present. First Aid Induce vomiting. Give gastric lavage with water. Give a saline cathartic. Shift him to a hospital...

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First aid treatment of Beryllium poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Beryllium poisoning It is a steel gray, hard, light metallic element. It is used mainly in contacts, copper alloys and springs. Its poisoning is diagnosed by the following features. Fibrosis and granulamas in the lungs. Fibrosis and granulamas in the skin. First aid Stop exposure immediately. Shift him to a hospital immediately.

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First aid treatment of Hydrogen sulphide poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

 Hydrogen sulphide poisoning It is a colorless, inflammable, poisonous gas. It smells like rotten eggs. It is used in metallurgy, manufacturing of sulfur compounds and chemical laboratories. It is also found in old unused wells and coal mines. Its poisoning is diagnosed by the following features. In small doses, it acts an irritant to eyes, reparatory epithelium. In acute poisoning there is sudden collapse and unconsciousness. Death occurs from respiratory...

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First aid treatment of Cyanide poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

 Cyanide poisoning Cyanide is a very strong it may be in the form of a salt of sodium, potassium or hydrogen cyanide, or in the form of a gas. It is used in steel industry, electroplating, fumigation, and manufacture of insecticide and rodenticide. Its poisoning is diagnosed by the following features. The onset of symptoms is within a few seconds of exposure. The victim utters a cry and becomes unconscious....

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First aid treatment of Benzene poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Benzene Poisoning Benzene is a volatile liquid that is not miscible with water but dissolves in fat. It is used in the industries manufacturing drugs and dyes. Its poisoning is diagnosed by the following features. There is burning sensation in the mouth and stomach, nausea, and vomiting. Cough and chest pain are present. Headache, giddiness, confusion, restlessness, stupor, and coma may occur. First Aid Give lavage with tap water cautiously,...

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