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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“ Iodoform”

Iodoform It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: it is a mixture of iodine, alcohol and potash. It has a penetrating , rather pleasant smell. It is a mild antiseptic. It relives pain when applied to a raw mucous surface and prevents putrefaction in wounds discharging pus.  

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Hot water bag procedure and its different uses in first aid -“Nursing Principles”

Hot Water Bag Procedure and its Different Uses   A hot water bag is for varied indications such as the following. To relieve pain. To help resorption of a hematoma. To help a patient with urinary retention to pass urine. To keep a patient of hypothermia warm. To keep a newborn baby warm in conditions like premature birth, asphyxia, hypothermia etc. The procedure for the use of a hot water bag...

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Ice bag procedure in first aid-“Nursing Principles”

Ice Bag Procedure  It s a rubber bag in which pieces of ice are kept. It is used to reduce body temperature in cases of high fever, to reduce hemorrhage into a hematoma, and to relieve pain after blunt trauma. The procedure for its use is as follows: Break ice into pieces of desired size. Place them in a bowl of water so as to remove sharp edges which could...

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First aid treatment of pain in abdomen its causes and diagnose- “Pain in abdomen”

Pain in abdomen Abdominal pain is a symptom and not a disease by itself. It can be caused by a large number of causes like peptic ulcer, gastritis, gastroenteritis, appendicitis, indigestion, flatulence, intestinal obstruction, intestinal perforation and peritonitis. First aid Place the patient in half sitting position with the head and shoulders well – supported and the lower limbs drawn up a little. Apply hot water bottle or bag to...

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First aid treatment of toothache its causes and diagnose- “Toothache”

Toothache It is usually due to dental neglect resulting in dental caries. When the tooth decay reaches the canal in the root of the tooth, nerve endings get irritated and cause pain. Ann abscess may form around the apex of the root and cause further pain. The tooth may also hurt when its outer coating is worn off and hypersensitive inner part is exposed in such cases contact with cold...

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First aid treatment of earache its causes and diagnose- “Earache”

Earache Earache is occurrence of pain in the ear. It may be due to any of the following conditions. Dental caries. Tooth abscess. Middle ear infection Boil in the ear. Wax I the ear. Foreign body in the ear Under water swimming Air travel. First Aid Give aspirin or parracetamol orally to relieve the pain Send him to a doctor for evolution and treatment.  

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First aid treatment of migraine its causes and diagnose- “Migraine”

 Migraine It is a disease in which there is unilateral headache. It may be precipitated by emotional disturbances or bright light. In many cases no cause can be found. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is intense unilateral headache. Flickering vision may precede the headache. Nausea and vomiting are present There is intolerance to light or noise. First Aid Give aspirin or paracetamol orally to relieve the...

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Mechanisms of Action of Poisons-Poisoning

Mechanisms of Action of Poisons- Poisoning Poison                          Mechanism of action Ingested poisons – They act directly on the digestive tract causing pain, vomiting, and diarrhea.      Corrosive poisons – on swallowing, they burn tissues severely , e.g. lips, mouth, esophagus, and stomach. Fumes and gases – they cause choking, which may lead to difficulty in breathing and unconsciousness. Chemical poisons – their toxic effects may be seen on the...

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