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Important Emergency Measures for Fracture in first aid treatment-“Emergency Care”

 Emergency Care A summary of emergency first aid measures for various types of condition is shown in the following table. Measures  Condition and Emergency measures Any emergency- Assess the situation Assess the casualty Assess the condition Give appropriate first aid Fracture- Avoid all unnecessary movements of the limb. Treat shock Immobilize affected part using a splint that is long enough to extend above and below the fractured part and adjacent...

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First aid treatment of Rape its causes and diagnose- “Rape”

Rape It is defined as sexual intercourse of a female by force or under the threat of a force. The victim suffers from the following. Manifestation of Rape Manifestation                            Features Physical injury: Genital injury, local bleeding, wounds elsewhere on the body inflicted during attempts at resistance, fractures, and dislocations. Phase of disorganization: Fear, anger humiliation, guilt, self blame. Phase of resolution: Sleep disturbances, phobias, sexual fear. First aid Reduce the...

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Joint- What is joint: Its types (Movable, Immovable, Ball and socket) and its features

Joint: Its types (Movable, Immovable, Ball and socket) and its features A joint is the junction of two or more bones, called. Various types of joints are shown in the following table.  Types of Joints                                     Type Features Movable – Two or more bones are held together by means of ligaments, muscles, and tendons....

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Fracture-Fracture of the bones of the foot: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of the bones of the foot: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment These are due to direct crushing by heavy objects. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is pain in the foot increased by movement. There is loss of movement. There is an inability to walk properly. Swelling and bruising are seen at the site of the fracture. Tenderness is present at the site of...

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Fracture-Fracture of leg bones: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of leg bones: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment One leg (tibia) is quite sturdy and usually requires a heavy blow to fracture them. The (fibula) is and can be broken by twisting force, as during twisting of the ankle. Since the weight-bearing is done by the tibia, a fracture of the fibula does not cause much problem for the victim. The condition is diagnosed by the following...

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Fracture-Fracture of knee cap (patella): Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of knee cap (patella): Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment It is a small bone in front of the knee joint. It forms the point of attachment of the large muscles of the thigh. It may be fractured from direct blow or as a result of muscular pull. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. Pain on the front of the knee joint. Tenda-ness at knee. Loss...

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Fracture-Fracture of the knee joint: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of the knee joint: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment The knee joint is supported by strong ligaments and muscles. The knee cap lies in front of it. Any of these structures may be injured by direct blow, strain, or violent twist. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. History of a recent trauma to the knee. Pain the knee joint. Acute pain on attempting to straighten...

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Fracture-Fracture of thigh bone (femur): its causes and first aid treatment

Fracture of thigh bone (femur): its causes and first aid treatment Fractures of the neck of the thigh bone (femur) at the hip joint are common in the elderly women, who have become more brittle after menopause. A fracture the shaft of the femur develops due to severe force e.g. road accidents, or falls from heights. Pain at the site of the injury. Inability to walk. A patient with impacted...

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