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Important Emergency Measures for Convulsions in first aid treatment-“Emergency Care”  

Emergency Care A summary of emergency first aid measures for various types of condition is shown in the following table. Measures  Condition and Emergency measures Any emergency- Assess the situation Assess the casualty Assess the condition Give appropriate first aid Convulsions- Support the victim Protect him from injury Place a bite block between his teeth Loosen his clothes Place him in the recovery position Send him to a hospital immediately

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First aid treatment of Carbon disulphide poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Carbon Disulphide Poisoning It is a clear, colorless or yellowish, highly inflammable, poisonous liquid. It is used to manufacture carbon tetra-chloride, cellophane pesticides, and viscose rayon. Its poisoning is diagnosed by the following features. There is irritation of skin, eyes and mucous membranes. The victim gets headaches. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are present. The pulse is weak. Palpitations and fatigue are present. First Aid Induce vomiting. Give gastric lavage if...

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First aid treatment of Arsenic poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Arsenic poisoning It is grayish – white color. It is used in pesticides, dyes, and medicines. All of these are toxic if ingested or inhaled in sufficient quantity. Arsenic is very poisonous. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. It has metallic taste. There is odor of garlic on breath. Vomiting and purging are present. Dehydration, shock syndrome, coma, convulsions, paralysis, severe may be present. There is diarrhea which...

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First aid treatment of lead poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

 Lead Poisoning  Lead is used in many industries like manufacture of battery, cable, paints, pigments, PVC plastics, rubbers, and wire. It is the most commonly used heavy metal in the industries. Hence lead poisoning is the commonest type of poisoning seen in industrial workers. All lead compounds are toxic. Most cases of industrial lead poisoning are due to inhalation of fumes and dust of lead or its compounds. The condition...

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First aid treatment of Febrile convulsions its causes and diagnose- “Febrile convulsions”

 Febrile convulsions in young children These develop in children below the age of 3 years. The child has high fever due to some cause.  First aid Give first aid as for convulsion in an adult. Give tepid sponging. Place him under a fan for cooling his body. Position pillow or soft padding around the child so that even violent movements will not result in injury. Keep the airway open. Send...

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First aid treatment of convulsion its causes and diagnose- “Convulsion”

Convulsion It is a condition characterized by repetitive contraction and relaxation of a group of muscles in the body. It is caused by disturbance in the function of the brain. Convulsion is usually followed by loss of consciousness. Various causes of convulsions are as follows. Disease of the brain. Epilepsy Head injury High fever (in children below the age of 3 years). Inadequate supply of oxygen to the brain. Low...

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First aid treatment of fever its causes and diagnose- “Fever”

Fever Fever is elevation of the body temperature above 37 Degree C. the temperature measured in the mouth and rectum is generally at least half a degree than that of the axilla. The condition is   diagnosed by the following features. There may be prodromal sysmtpoms like malaise and body ache. The patient feels chills and rigors. The body becomes warm. The face is flushed. The pulse becomes rapid. The patient...

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First aid treatment of Alcohol poisoning its causes and diagnose- Poisoning

Alcohol Poisoning Alcohol (ethanol) is a drug of addiction that depresses the activity of the central nervous system. Prolonged intake can result in impairment of physical and mental abilities, and extensive damage to the liver and other organs in the body. Acute alcohol poisoning is diagnosed by the following features. History of ingestion of alcohol may be present. Smell of alcohol is perceived on the victim’s breath. The speech is...

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