Home » Posts tagged "Burn"

Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Boric Acid”

Boric Acid It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: It is available in the form of colorless and odorless oystals or white powder. Its solubility in water is 5% and in glycerin in 25%. It is used as solution, dusting powder, or ointment. It is used for mucosal inflammation such as eczema, burns, impetigo, fungal infections of skin and bed...

Read More »

Important Emergency Measures for Thermal burns in first aid treatment-“Emergency Care”

 Emergency Care A summary of emergency first aid measures for various types of condition is shown in the following table. Measures Condition and Emergency measures Any emergency- Assess the situation Assess the casualty Assess the condition Give appropriate first aid  Thermal burns   Stop burning process, extinguish flames Cool burnt area with cold water spray. Assess vital parameters and give life support Cover burnt area with sterile dressing Immediate hospitalization...

Read More »

Important Emergency Measures for Electrical burns in first aid treatment-“Emergency Care”

 Emergency Care A summary of emergency first aid measures for various types of condition is shown in the following table. Measures  Condition and Emergency measures Any emergency- Assess the situation Assess the casualty Assess the condition Give appropriate first aid Electrical burns- Do not touch victim until current flow is switched off Remove victim from danger zone Assess airway, breathing and circulation Resuscitate if there is cardio respiratory arrest  

Read More »

Important Emergency Measures for Burns in first aid treatment-“Emergency Care”

 Emergency Care A summary of emergency first aid measures for various types of condition is shown in the following table. Measures Condition and Emergency measures Any emergency- Assess the situation Assess the casualty Assess the condition Give appropriate first aid Burns- Stop the fire Cool the brunt area Remove any constrictions Cover the burn with a dressing Send him to a hospital immediately

Read More »

Important Emergency Measures for Acid burns in first aid treatment-“Emergency Care”  

Emergency Care A summary of emergency first aid measures for various types of condition is shown in the following table. Measures Condition and Emergency measures Any emergency- Assess the situation Assess the casualty Assess the condition Give appropriate first aid Acid burns- Remove acid Soaked clothing Wash the area with cold running water. Bathe affected part with alkaline solution Give analgesics for pain.

Read More »

Mechanisms of Action of Poisons-Poisoning

Mechanisms of Action of Poisons- Poisoning Poison                          Mechanism of action Ingested poisons – They act directly on the digestive tract causing pain, vomiting, and diarrhea.      Corrosive poisons – on swallowing, they burn tissues severely , e.g. lips, mouth, esophagus, and stomach. Fumes and gases – they cause choking, which may lead to difficulty in breathing and unconsciousness. Chemical poisons – their toxic effects may be seen on the...

Read More »

Burn-Preventive measures for electrical injuries

Burn-Preventive measures for electrical injuries All electrical wiring should be proper. It should be checked periodically. Adequate earthling should be provided to all electrical points. There should not be any live bare wires inserted into sockets. There should not be multiple appliances connected to a single socket. Rubber gloves should be worn by all workers handling the cables. While changing wires or correcting any fault, the mains should be switched...

Read More »

Burns-Electrical Injuries: Its cause, diagnose, rescue and first aid treatment

Electrical Injuries: Its cause, diagnose, rescue and first aid treatment If any part of the body comes in contact with an exposed (with loss of its insulation) live wire, electric shock occurs. Faulty electrical connections or blowing out of switches or fuses can cause such injury. The danger is greater if the floor or one’s body is wet. In wet conditions even lower voltage may be dangerous. An electric shock...

Read More »