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Hot water bag procedure and its different uses in first aid -“Nursing Principles”

Hot Water Bag Procedure and its Different Uses   A hot water bag is for varied indications such as the following. To relieve pain. To help resorption of a hematoma. To help a patient with urinary retention to pass urine. To keep a patient of hypothermia warm. To keep a newborn baby warm in conditions like premature birth, asphyxia, hypothermia etc. The procedure for the use of a hot water bag...

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First aid treatment of choking its causes and diagnose-Choking

Choking It is obstruction of the pharynx by a foreign body. Foreign bodies found in the throat are usually fish bones, some pieces of food, artificial teeth, or coins. Usually they are accidentally swallowed. A child may swallow things during play. A fish bone does not cause respiratory obstruction, but other bigger foreign bodies can choke a person. Unless treated promptly, the victim can die of asphyxia. The condition is...

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First aid treatment of drowning its causes and diagnose-Drowning

Drowning A person who does not know how swim can drown accidentally if he falls into water. It may also be homicidal. Persons who know how to swim may drown too, if under the influence of alcohol, or if there is head injury at the time of the fall and the person becomes unconscious. Water enters the airway so that asphyxia develop. A little amount of water enters the lungs...

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First aid treatment of asphyxia its effects and stages- Asphyxia

Asphyxia  First Stage  Respiratory rate increases. Breaths become shorter and noisy. Chest movements of breathing are revered. The chest wall gets sucked in instead of moving out when the victim breathes in. The nostrils flare during breathing Neck veins get distended. Cyanosis develops. The face, lips, nails, fingers and toes turn blue. Pulse becomes faster and feeble. Second stage Consciousness is lost. Frothing occurs at the mouth and nose. Convulsions...

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What is Asphyxia- Its main causes and mechanism

What is Asphyxia- Its main causes and mechanism It is deficiency of oxygen and increase in carbon dioxide in the blood and tissues. It occurs due to a failure of exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air and pulmonary capillaries. Various causes are as follows: Mechanism                  causes Airway obstruction–foreign body in the airway causing choking, drowning, suffocation under bed, suffocation due to a plastic bag over the...

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