Ice bag procedure in first aid-“Nursing Principles”

Ice Bag Procedure  It s a rubber bag in which pieces of ice are kept. It is used to reduce body temperature in cases of high fever, to reduce hemorrhage into a hematoma, and to relieve pain after blunt trauma. The procedure for its use is as follows: Break ice into pieces of desired size. Place them in a bowl of water so as to remove sharp edges which could...

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Cold Pack procedure in first aid and method of Cold Pack-“Nursing Principles”

Cold Pack procedure and method of Cold Pack  This procedure is done to lower body temperature in cases of high fever. The method is as follows. Place a mackintosh and a bath- blanket under the patient. Remove the patient’s clothes. Soak two bed sheets in water at 18 degree C and squeeze them moderately. Turn the patient on one side and place one bed sheet under the patient. Then place...

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Tepid sponging in first aid and method of tepid sponging-“Nursing Principles”

Tepid Sponging and method of Tepid Sponging Sponging is the process in which the patient’s body is cleaned with soap and wet cloth while the patient remains in bed. Ordinary sponging is never required by the first aider but tepid sponging may be required. It is done as to reduce the body temperature in cases of high fever. The method of Tepid Sponging is as follows: Check the body temperature....

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Respiration counting in first aid and respiratory abnormalities-“Nursing Principles”

Respiration counting and Respiratory Abnormalities The respiratory rate is counted by noting the outward and inward movements of the anterior chest wall and anterior abdominal wall per minute. Normal respiratory rate is 16-20/minute. The adequacy of respiration is judged by holding a hand in front of the nose and feeling the blast of air as the patient breathes out. Respiration can be abnormal as shown in the following table. Respiratory...

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Pulse Examination in first aid and sties of peripheral pulses-“Nursing Principles

Pulse Examination-Important principles of Nursing  The pulse is felt over arteries where they lie over a bone and under the skin. It is felt due to the pulsatile flow of blood through the arteries as a result of contraction and volume tells about the condition of the heart and circulation. The pulse can be felt at the following sites. Sties of Peripheral Pulses Vessel                                                        Site Carotid – Against    transverse...

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Temperature Monitoring in first aid-“Nursing Principles”

Temperature-Important principles of Nursing Metabolism in the human body generates heat. It is given out by breathing, evaporation of sweet, excretion of urine and stools and by radiation from the skin surface. The temperature of the human body is maintained between 36 degree C and 37 degree C. when it goes above 37 degree C, the patient is said to have fever. When it is below 36 degree C the...

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The Rules for application of T-bandage in first aid-“First Aid”

The Rules for application of T-bandage A T-bandage can be made from two strips of gauze or bandage, folding one at right angles over the middle of the other. It is used for retaining dressings of the perineum.    

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The Rules for application of Four tailed bandage in first aid-“First Aid”

The Rules for application of Four tailed bandage A four tailed bandage can be made from a strip of gauze or a roller bandage by splitting it at both the ends. It is convenient for making loop or sling to retain small dressings on the chin, nose, forehead, or the back of the head.  

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The Rules for application of Trefoil bandage in first aid-“First Aid”

The Rules for application of  Trefoil bandage  It is used to cover the side of the face or an ear, or to support an injured jaw. Pass 2 or 3 turns of the end round the head. Pass the bandage obliquely behind the head and bring it out on the other side under the lower jaw. Make several vertical spirals over the top of the head and bring the bandage...

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The Rules for application of bandages on Eye in first aid-“First Aid”

The Rules for application of bandages on Eye Put a roller bandage is position by making circular turns around the head, from right to left for the right eye. Pass the bandage obliquely over the back of the head, bring it out to the front under the right ear and up over the right eye. Pass the turns alternately over the eye and around the head. The left eye is...

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The Rules for application of bandages on Head in first aid-“First Aid”

The Rules for application of bandages on Head Cut a 70 to 80 cm long piece of roller bandage and put it over the crown of the head in such a way that two equal tapes hand down in front of the ears. Ask the patient or an assistant to hold it there. Wind a roller bandage round the head several times at the level of the forehead. Put the...

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The Rules for application of bandages on Foot (triangular bandage) in first aid-“First Aid”

The Rules for application of bandages on Foot (triangular bandage)  Place the bandage on the floor. Ask the patient to place his foot on the center of the bandage, the toes directed towards the apex. Draw the apex backwards over the ankle. Draw the ends round the ankle at the back. Bring them forwards and tie them in front of the ankle. Bring the apex down in front of the...

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