Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Iodine”

Iodine It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: It is in the form of grayish – back, brittle plate- shaped crystals with a metallic luster. Its tincture contains 2% iodine and 2% potassium iodide in alcoholic solution. It is used for disinfection of skin and treatment of wounds. It 0.5 to 1% aqueous solution is used for application to wounds,...

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Hydrogen peroxide”

Hydrogen Peroxide It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: it is used in cleaning of wounds. It breaks down into nascent (active) oxygen and water. The oxygen bubbles remove tissue debris from inaccessible part of wounds. It also kills bacteria by oxidation.

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Glycerin”

Glycerin It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: it is a colorless, odorless, hygroscopic, thick liquid. It is used with other substances mainly magnesium sulphate to reduce swelling inflammation.

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Gentian violet”

Gentian violet It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: it is moderately soluble in water, alcohol and glycerin. Its 1% solution in 10% alcohol is used for superficial pyogenic infection of skin and mucous membranes, chronic and irritant lesions of the skin.

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Carbolic acid”

Carbolic acid It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: It is a hygroscopic and highly corrosive substance. It is used as disinfectant for sharp instruments like scissors and knife blades. It is used topically to cauterize dog bites, snake bites and other small wounds.

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Boric Acid”

Boric Acid It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: It is available in the form of colorless and odorless oystals or white powder. Its solubility in water is 5% and in glycerin in 25%. It is used as solution, dusting powder, or ointment. It is used for mucosal inflammation such as eczema, burns, impetigo, fungal infections of skin and bed...

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Acriflavine”

Acriflavine It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features it is aniline derivative, soluble in water. It is orange in powder from and yellow in 1:1000 aqueous solutions. It stains tissues yellow. It has a bacteriostatic and bactericidal action upon a variety of bacteria, especially gram positive bacteria in an alkaline medium.

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Spirit”

 Spirit         It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features  It is a 70% solution of alcohol in water. It kills bacteria effectively. It is used for disinfection of the skin, instruments and ampoules of injections. It is not used for disinfection of raw surfaces and wounds because it exposes tissue, aggravates injuries, and removes the coagulum formed...

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Common disinfectants (Dettol,Savlon,Potassium permanganate) used in first aid treatment-“First Aid”

Common Disinfectants  Dettol: when used to clean the skin surface, it is applied in pure form and left uncovered until the skin becomes dry. When used as an antiseptic hand lotion, two to four teaspoonful of dettol is added to 5oo ml of water. Savlon: In a dilution of 1:200, it is used for general antiseptic purposes like washing hospital equipment, disinfection of soiled linen, and spraying the patient’s room....

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Various types of disinfectant used in first aid treatment-“First Aid“

Various types Disinfectant or Germicide A disinfectant or a germicide is an agent used for killing microorganisms and their spores which cause diseases. Disinfectants are shown in the following table:  Disinfectants Type                                       Example Natural                                   Sunlight, air Physical agents Dry heat                        Burning hot air, hot air oven Moist heat                    Boling, autoclaving Radiation                      ultraviolet rays, gamma rays Chemical agents Solids...

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Eye wash procedure in first aid -“Nursing Principles”

Eye wash procedure  Eye wash or eye irrigation is the procedure of washing the eye under aseptic precautions. It is done to remove a foreign body from the eye, to remove inflammatory discharge from the eye, and before an eye operation. The procedure of giving an eye wash is as follows: Make the patient lie down or sit up as convenient. Tilt the head backward in sitting position. Put mackintosh...

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Hot water bag procedure and its different uses in first aid -“Nursing Principles”

Hot Water Bag Procedure and its Different Uses   A hot water bag is for varied indications such as the following. To relieve pain. To help resorption of a hematoma. To help a patient with urinary retention to pass urine. To keep a patient of hypothermia warm. To keep a newborn baby warm in conditions like premature birth, asphyxia, hypothermia etc. The procedure for the use of a hot water bag...

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