First Aid Treatment of Spider bite its causes and diagnose-Bites and Stings

Spider bite Spiders are generally found in corners of the house, gaps in wood, hollow places and dark places. Two types of spiders commonly found are black spider and tarantula. A tarantula is big, hairy and less poisonous, while a black spider is more poisonous. Diagnosis of a spider bite is made by the following features.    The victim experiences severe pain locally. Redness and swelling develop at the site...

Read More »

First Aid Treatment of Scorpion bite its causes and diagnose- Bites and Stings

Scorpion bite Generally scorpions can be seen in the moist dark places and in rainy season in villages, farms, and jungles. They are not seriously poisonous. But sometime person hypersensitive to its poison can develop serious reaction and may even become unconscious. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is burning pain at the site of the sting. Itching and swelling develop around the site. Sensation may be...

Read More »

First Aid Treatment of Ticks and mites bites its causes and diagnose- Bites and Stings

Ticks and mites bites  Ticks are found in jungles. Tick is a small insect like a bed bug with a great capacity of stick to the body and suck blood. It spreads germs of certain diseases like Rocky Mountain spotted fever and tularemia. Such conditions can arise. Mites are found in wood and stored grains. Their bite can cause typhus fever. First Aid 1.A tick or a mite stuck to...

Read More »

First Aid Treatment of Bee and Wasp bites its causes and diagnose-Bites and Stings

Bee and Wasp bites Bees and wasps are the most harmful amongst all insects. Their stings have one type of poison in small quantity. Some people could be very sensitive to the poison and develop severe reaction to it. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is severe pain locally. Itching and swelling develop around the central reddened puncture point. Sting may be found in the wound. Persons...

Read More »

How to prevent cold injuries and its first aid treatment

How to prevent cold injuries and its first aid treatment Dress in warm clothes. Wear several layers of loose, warm clothes rather than a single thick garment. Cover vulnerable parts well. Apply protective cream to the prior to exposure. Plan activates carefully to minimize exposure. Avoid vigorous washing of the face and shaving until after the day’s work is done rather than early in the morning. Use mittens rather than...

Read More »

First Aid Treatment of Chilblain its causes and diagnose

Chilblain It is an allergic reaction to cold and dampness in susceptible individuals. There is patchy constriction of blood vessels of the skin associated with it. It may progress to trench foot if not treated adequately. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. The toes become red. There is intense itching Severe pain develops. Blisters and ulcers may develop. First Aid Warm the part gradually. Shift him to a...

Read More »

First Aid Treatment of Trench foot its causes and diagnose

Trench foot It occurs when there is exposure to temperatures above the critical tissue temperature in presence of moisture over prolonged periods. Predisposing conditions are malnutrition. Deficiency of proteins, vitamins and dehydration. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is hyperemia of the pat. The affected part feels numb. Pain, itching and tingling, and paresthesia Blisters appear later. Infection may develop locally. First Aid Rewarm the part gradually....

Read More »

First Aid Treatment of Frostbite its causes and diagnose

Frostbite Skin is the first tissue to become cooled. During very cold weather, especially if there is also a strong wind, frostbite occurs in the ears, nose, chin, hands and feet. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. Initially there is a white patch on a red face. Then it changes to mottled blue color. Pickling pain is felt in affected part. The exposed part becomes cold, painful and...

Read More »

First Aid Treatment of Hypothermia its causes and diagnose

Hypothermia Fall of the body temperature below 35 degree C is called hypothermia. Mild and moderate cases are reversible, but recovery is unlikely if the body temperature falls below 26-24 degree C. Hypothermia occurs in the following conditions. Very low environmental temperature without adequate protection in the form of warm clothes, properly heated house etc. Prolonged immersion in cold water. Wearing wet clothes. Exhaustion in cold climate. This condition is...

Read More »

First Aid Treatment of Snow blindness and welder’s flash its causes and diagnose

Snow blindness and welder’s flash In  occurs when the eyes are exposed to strong glare produced by the reflection of the sun on snow over prolonged periods, or with exposure ultraviolet light produced by welding. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is an intense pain in the affected eye, like sand or pepper in the eye. The eyes are red, watering, and sensitive to light. First Aid...

Read More »

First Aid Treatment of Sunburn its causes and diagnose-Effects of high temperature

Sunburn and its First Aid It occurs after excessive exposure the sun. It is seen at high altitudes in winter due to exposure to ultraviolet rays. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is itching over the burn. The skin is red, swollen and painful. In mild cases there are superficial burns. Severe cases have painful blisters. First Aid Place the patient in a cool place. Sponge the...

Read More »

First Aid to prevent heat injuries-Effects of high temperature

How to prevent heat injuries  1.Stay indoors during heat waves. Wear a minimum of clothing that is light in colour and loose fitting. 2.Improve ventilation in the house. Use shades and drapes to cut direct sunlight. 3.Limit the strenuous activities to the cooler times of the day. 4.Cook food in the early morning or late evening to avoid heating up the house during the hot part of the day. 5.Use...

Read More »