First aid treatment of backache its causes and diagnose- “Backache”

Backache Backache is pain anywhere in the back. It may be in the upper back or lower back. It may be constant or intermittent. It is a symptom of a disease and not a disease by itself. Various causes of backache are as follows: Bad posture; standing or sitting in a bad posture, with the shoulders drooped. Sprain of the joints of the back Prolapsed intervertebral disc. Menstruation in women:...

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First aid treatment of earache its causes and diagnose- “Earache”

Earache Earache is occurrence of pain in the ear. It may be due to any of the following conditions. Dental caries. Tooth abscess. Middle ear infection Boil in the ear. Wax I the ear. Foreign body in the ear Under water swimming Air travel. First Aid Give aspirin or parracetamol orally to relieve the pain Send him to a doctor for evolution and treatment.  

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First aid treatment of migraine its causes and diagnose- “Migraine”

 Migraine It is a disease in which there is unilateral headache. It may be precipitated by emotional disturbances or bright light. In many cases no cause can be found. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is intense unilateral headache. Flickering vision may precede the headache. Nausea and vomiting are present There is intolerance to light or noise. First Aid Give aspirin or paracetamol orally to relieve the...

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First aid treatment of headache its causes and diagnose- “Headache”

Headache Headache is pain anywhere in head. It may be constant, throbbing, or intermittent. It is a symptom of a disease and not a disease by itself. Various causes of headache are as follows: 1. Refractive errors 2. Exhaustion. 3. Lack of sleep. 4. Anxiety 5. Dental caries 6. Sinusitis. 7. Constipation. 8. Common cold 9. Hypertension 10 Migraine 11 Brain tumors First aid Place the patient in a dark,...

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Types and features fever and its first aid treatment- “Fever”

Types and features Fever  Fever is not a disease itself, but just a symptom of a large number of illnesses. The commonest cause is infection. Acute pyogenic infections cause high fever with chills. Chronic infections like tuberculosis cause low grade fever, often without chills. Various types of fever are shown in the following table. Type                                       features Continuous – the temperature does not fluctuate by more than 1 degree C...

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First aid treatment of fever its causes and diagnose- “Fever”

Fever Fever is elevation of the body temperature above 37 Degree C. the temperature measured in the mouth and rectum is generally at least half a degree than that of the axilla. The condition is   diagnosed by the following features. There may be prodromal sysmtpoms like malaise and body ache. The patient feels chills and rigors. The body becomes warm. The face is flushed. The pulse becomes rapid. The patient...

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First aid treatment of Influenza and its prevention- “Influenza “

 Influenza It is a common virus infection characterized by running nose, cough, sore throat and sometimes fever or pain in the joints. There are constitutional symptoms like malaise and body ache. It reduces body resistance to other infections, so that serious disorders like ear infections, sinusitis, and pneumonia may develop. First Aid Give enough rest. Advise steam inhalation. Avoid sour and cold foods and beverages. Give plenty of water orally....

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Types and features strangulation and its first aid treatment- “Strangulation”

Strangulation Type          Feature Hanging – Suspension of the body by a noose around the neck Strangling – Constriction around the neck.   Throttling – squeezing the throat. First Aid Remove any constriction present around the victim’s neck. Support the body if you are cutting a noose around his neck while he is still hanging. Place him flat on the ground, face up. If he is not breathing,...

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First aid treatment of strangulation its causes and diagnose-“Strangulation”

Strangulation It includes hanging, strangling, and throttling. External pressure is exerted on the neck, which causes obstruction of the airway and cuts off flow of air to the lungs. Hanging and may be accidental or homicidal. Throttling is homicidal. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. The constricting article may be present around the victim’s neck. If it has been removed, its marks are found on the neck. There...

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First aid treatment of choking its causes and diagnose-Choking

Choking It is obstruction of the pharynx by a foreign body. Foreign bodies found in the throat are usually fish bones, some pieces of food, artificial teeth, or coins. Usually they are accidentally swallowed. A child may swallow things during play. A fish bone does not cause respiratory obstruction, but other bigger foreign bodies can choke a person. Unless treated promptly, the victim can die of asphyxia. The condition is...

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How to rescue a drowning person and its first aid treatment-Drowning

How to rescue a drowning person Do not swim out to rescue him unless you have been trained as lifeguard. If the water is not too deep, wade through it to get him out of it. Do not wade out if he nature of the bottom of the water is not known, because you may fall into a hole or bed of quicksand. If the victim is near the shoreline,...

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First aid treatment of drowning its causes and diagnose-Drowning

Drowning A person who does not know how swim can drown accidentally if he falls into water. It may also be homicidal. Persons who know how to swim may drown too, if under the influence of alcohol, or if there is head injury at the time of the fall and the person becomes unconscious. Water enters the airway so that asphyxia develop. A little amount of water enters the lungs...

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