First aid treatment of Rape its causes and diagnose- “Rape”

Rape It is defined as sexual intercourse of a female by force or under the threat of a force. The victim suffers from the following. Manifestation of Rape Manifestation                            Features Physical injury: Genital injury, local bleeding, wounds elsewhere on the body inflicted during attempts at resistance, fractures, and dislocations. Phase of disorganization: Fear, anger humiliation, guilt, self blame. Phase of resolution: Sleep disturbances, phobias, sexual fear. First aid Reduce the...

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First aid treatment of Suicidal patient its causes and diagnose- “Suicidal patient”

 Suicidal Patient Suicidal tendencies may be due to recent loss of a loved one, status body integrity, failure in examination, love, or of employment. They are also seen in certain psychiatric illnesses. First aid Reassure the victim. Make him understand the importance of life. Prevent self injury by close observation. Send him to hospital immediately for expert psychiatric care.

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First aid treatment of Psychiatric emergencies its causes and diagnose- “Psychiatric emergencies”

Psychiatric emergencies A number of acute psychiatric emergencies may present to the first aider. Agitation, confusion and depression can result from stress. First Aid Approach such a person in a calm, reassuring, and non- threatening manner. Speak softly. Use short and simple sentences when speaking to him. Do not force him to talk about something, if he doesn’t want to. Reassure him. Take him to a quite room to decrease...

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First aid treatment of Glare in eyes its causes, diagnose and prevention- “Glare in eyes”

 Glare in eyes It is produced by seeing welding with naked eyes, looking at the sun directly, and looking at reflected light from polished surfaces or ice. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is an inability to open eyes in bright light (photophobia) There is pain the eyes. The eyes are swollen and red. First aid Give rest to the eyes. Apply cold compresses to the closed...

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First aid treatment of Insomnia its causes and diagnose- “Insomnia”

Insomnia It is a condition characterized by an inability to sleep it may be caused by mental tensions, bad food habits, and excessive tiredness. First aid Ask him to take adequate exercise during the day. Give a glass of warm milk before going to bed. Ask him to take a warm bath before going to bed. A sleeping pill may be given if prescribed by a doctor.

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First aid treatment of Motion sickness its causes and diagnose- “Motion sickness”

Motion sickness Motion sickness is an illness characterized by nausea and vomiting due to hypersensitivity to movement. It is due to a disturbance in the equilibrium center. It occurs during travel by-ship, plane, bus, car, or, train. First aid Ask him to avoid eating or drinking too much before or during the journey. Give him an antiemetic before starting the journey

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First aid treatment of retention of urine its causes and diagnose- “Retention of urine”

Retention of urine It is an inability to pass urine collected in the urinary bladder. It may be caused by any of the following conditions. Enlargement of prostate in an elderly male.       Trauma to the urthra of a male, e.g. after fall astride a hard object. Lying down in bed. Pelvic tumors pressing on the urethra. First aid Apply hot water bags over lower part of abdomen. Make him...

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First aid treatment of piles (hemorrhoids) its causes and diagnose- “Piles (hemorrhoids)”

Piles (hemorrhoids) There are varicose veins of the rectum. They may be caused by constipation. They feel like little lumps or balls when they prolapsed out of the anus during defecation or permanently. They cause bleeding per rectum when passing stools. They are painful when they get thrombosed. A hemorrhoid begins to bleed. The person develops anemia due to chronic blood loss. First aid Give diet rich in fiber Give...

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First aid treatment of obstructed hernia its causes and diagnose- “Obstructed hernia”

Obstructed Hernia A hernia is an abnormal protrusion of an abdominal organ or a part of an organ through an abnormal opening in the abdominal wall. Various types of hernias are inguinal hernia, umbilical hernia femoral hernia etc.  Baby may be born with a hernia. An elderly person develops an inguinal hernia due to enlargement of his prostate, which makes him strain for passing urine. A hernia may develop in...

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First aid treatment of indigestion its causes and diagnose- “Indigestion”

Indigestion It is a condition characterized by a sensation of fullness of the stomach along with belching and upper abdominal pain or discomfort (heartburn). It may be caused by any of the following. Ingestion of lot of food too difficult to digest. Drinking too much alcohol. Tension and anxiety. First aid Place the patient comfortably in bed. Give him some milk to drink. Give him an antacid. Send him to...

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First aid treatment of constipation its causes and diagnose- “Constipation”

Constipation Failure to pass stools for 2 or more days is called constipation. It is often due to a diet poor in fiber, e.g. fruits and green vegetables. It may be caused by pregnancy, use or drugs like iron, and tumors of the large intestine. First aid Give diet rich in fiber. Give plenty of fluids orally. Give a laxative like isapgol or liquid paraffin at bed time. A glycerin...

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First aid treatment of hiccups its causes and diagnose- “Hiccups”

Hiccups Hiccups occur due to spasms of the diaphragm, which divides the abdomen from the chest. They are commonly due to eating or drinking too much or drinking carbonated beverages in large quantities. They can also be due to diseases that irritate the phrenic nerve that supplies the diaphragm. There are so many hiccup remedies. They all work when the hiccups are ready to stop anyhow. Hiccupping lasting for days...

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