First aid treatment of Beryllium poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Beryllium poisoning It is a steel gray, hard, light metallic element. It is used mainly in contacts, copper alloys and springs. Its poisoning is diagnosed by the following features. Fibrosis and granulamas in the lungs. Fibrosis and granulamas in the skin. First aid Stop exposure immediately. Shift him to a hospital immediately.

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First aid treatment of Hydrogen sulphide poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

 Hydrogen sulphide poisoning It is a colorless, inflammable, poisonous gas. It smells like rotten eggs. It is used in metallurgy, manufacturing of sulfur compounds and chemical laboratories. It is also found in old unused wells and coal mines. Its poisoning is diagnosed by the following features. In small doses, it acts an irritant to eyes, reparatory epithelium. In acute poisoning there is sudden collapse and unconsciousness. Death occurs from respiratory...

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First aid treatment of Cyanide poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

 Cyanide poisoning Cyanide is a very strong it may be in the form of a salt of sodium, potassium or hydrogen cyanide, or in the form of a gas. It is used in steel industry, electroplating, fumigation, and manufacture of insecticide and rodenticide. Its poisoning is diagnosed by the following features. The onset of symptoms is within a few seconds of exposure. The victim utters a cry and becomes unconscious....

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First aid treatment of Chromium poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Chromium poisoning It is a lustrous, hard, metallic element that is resistant to corrosion. It is used in manufacture of steel furniture. Its poisoning is diagnosed by the following features. The victim has headache, nausea, and vomiting. There is weakness in legs. Respiration is deep and difficult. There may be ringing in the ears. The skin may become red. Blisters may develop. First Aid Remove the victim from the site...

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First aid treatment of Benzene poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Benzene Poisoning Benzene is a volatile liquid that is not miscible with water but dissolves in fat. It is used in the industries manufacturing drugs and dyes. Its poisoning is diagnosed by the following features. There is burning sensation in the mouth and stomach, nausea, and vomiting. Cough and chest pain are present. Headache, giddiness, confusion, restlessness, stupor, and coma may occur. First Aid Give lavage with tap water cautiously,...

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First aid treatment of Carbon disulphide poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Carbon Disulphide Poisoning It is a clear, colorless or yellowish, highly inflammable, poisonous liquid. It is used to manufacture carbon tetra-chloride, cellophane pesticides, and viscose rayon. Its poisoning is diagnosed by the following features. There is irritation of skin, eyes and mucous membranes. The victim gets headaches. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are present. The pulse is weak. Palpitations and fatigue are present. First Aid Induce vomiting. Give gastric lavage if...

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First aid treatment of Nitric acid Fumes Poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Nitric acid Fumes Poisoning It is used extensively in chemical laboratories and industry. Corrosive fumes produce effects on the respiratory tract. The mucous membrane is swollen. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. The victim choker, coughs, and gasps. There is a sensation of tightness in the chest. Pulmonary edema may be present. The victim may be in shock. First Aid Remove the victim from the fumes immediately. Remove...

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First aid treatment of Arsenic poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Arsenic poisoning It is grayish – white color. It is used in pesticides, dyes, and medicines. All of these are toxic if ingested or inhaled in sufficient quantity. Arsenic is very poisonous. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. It has metallic taste. There is odor of garlic on breath. Vomiting and purging are present. Dehydration, shock syndrome, coma, convulsions, paralysis, severe may be present. There is diarrhea which...

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First aid treatment of Manganese Poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Manganese poisoning Manganese is a metal element found in some plants and tissues of higher animals. It is present in many foods. Poisoning occurs usually due to intake of to manganese on a regular basis. The condition is diagnosed by the presence of weakness, tremors, peculiar gait, mental disturbances, and excessive salivation. First Aid It is a Give egg white, milk or flour orally. Give gastric lavage with activated charcoal.

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First aid treatment of Mercury poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Mercury Poisoning It is seen in occupations related to roasting, crushing, and condensation of mercury from ore, manufacture of caustic soda, chlorine, paints paper and pulp. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. Respiration is slow. The pulse is weak rapid. There is burning sensation in mouth and throat. There is abdominal pain with nausea and vomiting. There is diarrhea accompanied by bloody stools. First Aid Give egg white...

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First aid treatment of phosphorous poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Phosphorous Poisoning Acute phosphorous poisoning is seen following ingestion of rat poison, in agricultural workers who use fertilizers, pesticides, and insecticides are used. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is pain in throat and abdomen. There is intense thirst. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea follow. There is odor of garlic on breath. Cramps are present. There is headache. Profound weakness is experienced. First Aid Give repeated stomach was...

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First aid treatment of lead poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

 Lead Poisoning  Lead is used in many industries like manufacture of battery, cable, paints, pigments, PVC plastics, rubbers, and wire. It is the most commonly used heavy metal in the industries. Hence lead poisoning is the commonest type of poisoning seen in industrial workers. All lead compounds are toxic. Most cases of industrial lead poisoning are due to inhalation of fumes and dust of lead or its compounds. The condition...

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