Contents of Civil defense services used in disaster-“Disaster”

Contents of Civil Defense Services  Civil defense services – mobilize the staff and equipment of the Red Cross. Recruit and assign nurses to manage disaster. Provide services, assistance to affected community in the area of health, sanitation, maintaining law and order, fire – fighting, clearing debris, various diseases etc. an emergency planning section at both central and state government level is established; this is also established at the local ministries/...

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Resources required in effective handling of disasters and their work-“Disaster”

Resources required in effective handling of Disasters Effective handling of disasters requires combined efforts of the local agencies in the area e.g. public health division, public welfare department, public works department, police and fire departments, public and private hospitals, and Red Cross and civil defense services.  The various agencies that provide resources in a disaster and their work are shown in the following table. Resources for Readiness Resource                                         work...

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Relief work and problems faced in disasters-“Disaster”

Relief work and Problems faced in Disasters Every community should have a civil defense plan and organization, to be used not only for all disasters. First aiders, nurses, paramedical people, police, military and volunteers must participate in this work. Problems that need to be solved in a disaster are as follows. The electric power supply is impaired. The telephone lines become nonfunctional, making it difficult to call for help from...

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Important and necessary steps to be taken in a disaster-“First Aid”

Important and necessary steps to be taken in a disaster Establish a command post in a safe area. Establish communication with hospitals or medical facilities, and other emergency units. The first aider should continue to be the triage officer until physician arrives on the scene. Set up a triage point in a safe area such that all victims to be taken to the ambulance pass through this point. Determine the...

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Phases (Impact period, Threat period, Inventory period, Rescue period) and features of a disaster-“First Aid”

Phases and Features of a Disaster Phase                                     Features Warning period – Some disasters give warning while others do not, e.g. earthquakes and airplane crashes. Anxiety and apprehension are generated during warning period. Impact period – It is the actual occurrence of the disaster. Death and destruction occurs, which may cause panic. Threat period – In this period people remain worried about their lives and families. Inventory period – Survivors...

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Important and necessary principles of first aid treatment in a disaster-“First Aid”

Important and Necessary Principles of First Aid  Assess the situation quickly and take measures indicated as life saving first. Place a bed sheet, blanket, or newspapers under the victim placed on the ground to reduce loss of body. Avoid unnecessary movement of handling except to remove the victim from additional danger. Reassure the patient that everything will be all right. Prevent shock. Do not give anything orally if the victim...

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First aid treatment of Mustard Gas its effects and features-“First Aid”

Mustard Gas These are a number of oily liquids. Their colors vary from brown to yellow. They smell like garlic, rotten fish, or shoe polish. They are used in a form of liquid spray from aircraft, or dropped contained in bombs or shells. Drops on the skin quickly cause blister formation. The blisters head very slowly. Remaining liquid produces a gas which irritates the eyes causing soreness, redness, and ulceration....

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First aid treatment of Chemical Warfare (Nerve gas) its effects and features-“First Aid”

Chemical Warfare The agents most commonly used in biological warfare are nerve gas and mustard gas. Nerve gas These are highly poisonous chemicals which are colorless and odorless, and hence difficult to detect when sprayed from planes, or dropped contained in bombs or shells. The liquid quickly penetrates clothes and gets absorbed through intact skin. Unabsorbed liquid quickly evaporates to form a gas which is also very dangerous. They can...

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First aid treatment of Biological warfare and its effects-“First Aid”

Biological warfare In involves introduction of diseases germs or certain toxins (poisons) produced by germs by bombs, aerial sprays, or by saboteurs who add the dangerous organisms to food or water reservoirs. Fortunately effective antibiotics or vaccines are available against almost all known biological agents. First aid Use face masks and oxygen cylinders for breathing. If these are not available, use thick pad of gauze or cotton or several layers...

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First aid treatment of Nuclear explosion and its effects-“First Aid”

 Nuclear Explosion The effects of nuclear explosion are as follows. Blast: There is a sudden and tremendous in increase in the air pressure that spreads out in waves rapidly from the site of explosion. The blast waves knock down building and shatter windows. Victims suffer from injuries from falling buildings and/or flying glass and rubble. Heat: a flash of intense heat is generated. It lasts for only a few seconds....

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Different types of disasters its common elements and injuries-“First Aid”

Disasters Disasters are sudden, catastrophic events that disrupt pattern of life, often associated with destruction of property, multiple injuries and death of a number of persons. Common elements of any disaster are as follows. Causalities Homeless persons. Disruption of sanitary facilities. Some degree of panic. Types of Disaster           Type                                ...

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Priority and Transportation in first aid treatment-“First Aid”

Priority and Transportation in first Aid  Priority                                  Conditions Highest (red tag) – Respiratory arrest, airway obstruction and severe breathing difficulties Cardiac arrest Uncontrolled severe hemorrhage and shock Severe head injuries Open chest wounds Burns involving respiratory tract Unconsciousness, coma Heart attack Poisoning Open abdominal wounds. Second (green tag) – Severe burns. Injuries to spine Moderate hemorrhage, Multiple fractures Head injuries, patient conscious Injury to spine Lowest (white tag) –Minor...

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