First aid treatment of Nitric acid Fumes Poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Nitric acid Fumes Poisoning It is used extensively in chemical laboratories and industry. Corrosive fumes produce effects on the respiratory tract. The mucous membrane is swollen. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. The victim choker, coughs, and gasps. There is a sensation of tightness in the chest. Pulmonary edema may be present. The victim may be in shock. First Aid Remove the victim from the fumes immediately. Remove...

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First aid treatment of Arsenic poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Arsenic poisoning It is grayish – white color. It is used in pesticides, dyes, and medicines. All of these are toxic if ingested or inhaled in sufficient quantity. Arsenic is very poisonous. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. It has metallic taste. There is odor of garlic on breath. Vomiting and purging are present. Dehydration, shock syndrome, coma, convulsions, paralysis, severe may be present. There is diarrhea which...

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First aid treatment of Manganese Poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Manganese poisoning Manganese is a metal element found in some plants and tissues of higher animals. It is present in many foods. Poisoning occurs usually due to intake of to manganese on a regular basis. The condition is diagnosed by the presence of weakness, tremors, peculiar gait, mental disturbances, and excessive salivation. First Aid It is a Give egg white, milk or flour orally. Give gastric lavage with activated charcoal.

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First aid treatment of Mercury poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Mercury Poisoning It is seen in occupations related to roasting, crushing, and condensation of mercury from ore, manufacture of caustic soda, chlorine, paints paper and pulp. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. Respiration is slow. The pulse is weak rapid. There is burning sensation in mouth and throat. There is abdominal pain with nausea and vomiting. There is diarrhea accompanied by bloody stools. First Aid Give egg white...

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First aid treatment of phosphorous poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

Phosphorous Poisoning Acute phosphorous poisoning is seen following ingestion of rat poison, in agricultural workers who use fertilizers, pesticides, and insecticides are used. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is pain in throat and abdomen. There is intense thirst. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea follow. There is odor of garlic on breath. Cramps are present. There is headache. Profound weakness is experienced. First Aid Give repeated stomach was...

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First aid treatment of lead poisoning its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Occupational Hazards”

 Lead Poisoning  Lead is used in many industries like manufacture of battery, cable, paints, pigments, PVC plastics, rubbers, and wire. It is the most commonly used heavy metal in the industries. Hence lead poisoning is the commonest type of poisoning seen in industrial workers. All lead compounds are toxic. Most cases of industrial lead poisoning are due to inhalation of fumes and dust of lead or its compounds. The condition...

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Occupational Hazard and its types-Physical, Chemical, Biological, Mechanical and Psycho social-“Occupational Hazards “

Occupational Hazards  Occupational hazards are health hazards related to the work environment of a person. An industrial worker may be exposed to the following types of hazards. Physical Chemical Biological Mechanical Psycho-social There are 29 notifiable occupational diseases as described in the schedule of the factory act 1948.

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First aid treatment of Heart attack its causes, prevention and diagnose- “Heart attack”

Heart attack If the blood supply to the heart is suddenly obstructed by a clot in one of the coronary arteries, the heart muscle undergoes infarction (death). This is called a heart attack. The condition is diagnosed by the following features: The onset is acute and occurs usually at rear There is retrostenal pain which is of gripping or constricting nature. It is not relived by rest. There is excessive...

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First aid treatment of angina pectoris its causes, prevention and diagnose- “Angina Pectoris”

Angina pectoris It is a retrosternal pain due to cardiac ischemia. It occurs on physical activity, due to the coronary arteries being unable to deliver adequate amount blood to the heart muscle in face of increased demands. It is due to partial occasion of the vessels due to theroscleriosis. It may occur after a heavy meal, due to the blood supply being shunted to the gastrointestinal tract. The condition is...

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First aid treatment of Hypoglycemia its causes and diagnose- “Hypoglycemia”

   Hypoglycemia It is a condition characterized by a drop in blood sugar level below normal. It occurs in a person suffering from diabetes mellitus, who takes his medication but does not eat as required. The condition is diagnosed by the following features.         The person behaves abnormally. There is excessive sweating , weakness, faintness, and tremors He may become unconscious. First aid If the patient is conscious, give him...

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First aid treatment of Stroke (apoplexy) its causes and diagnose- “Stroke (apoplexy)”

 Stroke (apoplexy) It is a condition characterized by decreased blood supply to the brain due to formation of a blood clot in its arteries, lodging of an embolus in its artery, or rupture of its artery and hemorrhage from. It usually occurs in elderly person, especially if they suffer from high blood pressure. The manifestations of a stroke depend on the site and severity of involvement of the brain. The...

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First aid treatment of Hysteria its causes and diagnose- “Hysteria”

Hysteria It is a psychiatric disorder in which there is attention seeking. It is usually found in women. There are manifestations of different diseases when there is actually no organic disease present. It is due to conversion of her anxiety into physical symptoms. They range from something as minor as giddiness to something as serious as blindness or paralysis. However the symptoms are bizarre and do not fit in any...

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