Injury-Crush injuries and its first aid

Crush Injuries These are due to severe pressure of a heavy object over a part of the body. There may not be much of an external injury. But there can be extensive damage to the tissues underneath, e.g. muscles and bones. Internal hemorrhage is possible. Toxic materials released from the damaged tissue can enter the blood stream and cause failure of the kidneys. First Aid Release the trapped part from...

Read More »

Wound -Wounds to chest, back and its first aid

Wounds to chest and back This commonly occurs in traffic accidents and assaults with knife or gun. These are serious wounds as there is the grave danger of injury to the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels. Heart injuries may be fatal. Injuries to the lungs allow air to escape out, by the pressure of which the lungs collapse and the victim gets hypoxic. Injury to major vessels causes shock,...

Read More »

Wound -Wounds of palm of the hand and its first aid

Wounds of palm of the hand  These wounds tend to bleed profusely. There is also the risk of injury to the nerves and tendons in the palm. In such cases, there is a loss of sensation in the affected fingers, and inability to move the fingers. First Aid Control the bleeding by placing a pad of sterile gauze over the wound and applying pressure. Ask the victim to clench the...

Read More »

Wound- How to manage an infected wound and its first aid

Infected Wound Any wound that has not begun to heal after 48 hours is infected. It contains bacteria dirt and may contain a foreign body. The infection may spread elsewhere in the body and cause damage. Features of an infected wound are as follows. Pain and soreness in the wound. Swelling and redness around the wound. Pus in the wound. Fever chills. Pain, swelling and tenderness over lymph nodes draining...

Read More »

Wound Causes, Type and First Aid

Wounds A wound is an injury or an abnormal break in the continuity of the skin or-other tissues. In an external wound, there is danger that germs will enter the wound and cause an infection. If the wound is deep, severe bleeding may occur or there may be serious damage to structures within the body, such as the bowel, heart, lungs, or brain. What are the types of wounds? A...

Read More »

Advantages and Techniques of Recovery Position in First Aid

What is recovery position? Any unconscious victim should be placed in the recovery position. This head is slightly lower than the rest of the body to allow liquids to drain from the mouth, reducing the risk of the victim inhaling regurgitated stomach contents. The head, nee, and back are kept in a straight line, while the limbs are kept bent to keep the body in a secure and com fordable...

Read More »

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation method to Resuscitate a child

How to resuscitate a child? Cardiopulmonary resuscitation can be performed in older children just as in an adult, except that the rate must be slightly faster, and the pressure must be lighter. The technique for small children and babies is as follows. Open the airway by gently lifting the chin and tilting the head. Support the head slightly. Watch for breathing. Clear any obstruction with a finger without touching the...

Read More »

Treatment after Restoration of Breathing in Cardiac Arrest and Heart Attack

What is the treatment after breathing has been restored? Rub the limbs upwards with firm grasping pressure under the blanket or over the dry clothing to promote warmth and Circulation Apply hot water bottles to promote warmth of the body. Let there be free and fresh air in the room. A teaspoonful of warm water may be given if the ability to swallow has returned. If the patient tolerates that...

Read More »

How to restore Circulation in Cardiac Arrest/Heart attack

How to restore Circulation in Cardiac Arrest/Heart attack Precordial thump is the first measure to be taken except for patients known to have myocardial disease. Make a sharp thump over the midsternal region with a closed fist. It may restore normal cardiac activity, especially in electric shock cases. External cardiac massage is given if precordial thump fails to restore normal cardiac activity. Its technique is as follows. Place victim on...

Read More »

Manual methods of artificial ventilation- Bag and mask ventilation

 In certain situations, mouth to mouth respiration cannot be given e.g. when the face is damaged, the lower jaw is fractured, or the lips and mouth have been burned by a poison. In such cases, manual methods are used. Bag and mask ventilation  The patient can be artificially ventilated using a face mask and an Ambu bag. After clearing the airway, the hold an anesthetist’s mask firmly over the victim’s...

Read More »

Manual methods of artificial ventilation- Tilting or rocking method

In certain situations, mouth to mouth respiration cannot be given e.g. when the face is damaged, the lower jaw is fractured, or the lips and mouth have been burned by a poison. In such cases, manual methods are used. Tilting or rocking method Place the victim on a stretcher or a plank and strap him to it. Rock him alternately in 450 head low and 45 0 head high positions....

Read More »

Manual methods of artificial ventilation- Prone pressure method (Schafer)

 In certain situations, mouth to mouth respiration cannot be given e.g. when the face is damaged, the lower jaw is fractured, or the lips and mouth have been burned by a poison. In such cases, manual methods are used. Prone pressure method (Schafer) Place the victim in prone position, head turned to one side, resting on the back of over lapped hands. Kneel by his side at the level of...

Read More »