Use of Carry Chairs in first aid treatment-“First Aid”

Carry chairs These chairs are kept in many schools, workplaces, and shops. They are used for moving casualty’s long passages and up and down stairs. Unfold the chair. Test it by pushing down the seat, to check that it can support the casualty’s weight. Confirm the following things. The canvas seat and back are not showing signs of wear and tear. The wheels move freely. The safety strap is secure...

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Method and features of manual lifts and carries in first aid treatment-“First Aid”

Method and features of manual lifts and carries in first aid   Carries for one first aider  Method                                            features Cradle method – It is used when the victim weighs less or is a child. Carry the victim comfortably from below the shoulder and knees with the hands. Drag method- It involves pulling the victim along the ground without lifting him. It is used when the victim is unable to stand...

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General principles of lifting a victim in first aid treatment-“First Aid”

How to lift a victim If a proper method of lifting is used, even a very heavy victim can be lifted without undue strain for the first aider. The principles of lifting a victim are as follows.    Use the most powerful muscles of your body for lifting, e.g. muscles of the thigh, hip and shoulder. Keep the weight of the victim as close to your body as possible. Keep...

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General principles of transportation in first aid treatment-“First Aid”

General Principles of Transportation in First Aid Treatment The aim of transportation is to enable the victim to reach the destination without deterioration of his condition. Do not move a severely injured or ill person unless there is immediate danger to his life or skilled help is not available. That is because moving a casualty may result in aggravation of his or her injury or condition. Do not presume that...

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Important and necessary steps of baby care after birth-“Childbirth”

Baby Care after Birth Hold the baby’s head down so that mucus comes out of his mouth. Keep the baby between the mother’s legs, below the level of the uterus until the cord is tied. If the baby does not begin to breathe right away, rub his back or tickle its soles. Perform suction of the baby’s mouth and then of its nose using mucus catheter or rubber bulb with...

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Important steps and measures to deliver a baby-“Childbirth”

Important steps and measures to deliver a baby Place the woman in left lateral position until the baby starts delivering. Then she can be allowed to roll on to her back and draw her legs up for bearing down. Keep her covered with blankets until the baby starts delivering. Then draw the backwards. Put a clean cloth under her buttock. Place a clean pad over the anus. Moisten her lips with...

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Important measures to prevent infection and control bleeding during child birth-“Childbirth”

How to prevent infection When preparing for, and during the delivery it is extremely important to pay strict attention to asepsis and antisepsis because the placental bed is raw and there are a number of areas of injury in the birth passage. These can get infected very readily if microorganisms   are allowed to enter it. Measures: Keep any one with a cold, cough, or septic spots on the hands away...

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Minimum and desirable requirements for childbirth-“Childbirth”

Requirements for Childbirth Minimum requirements A lot of very clean clothes. Alcohol An antiseptic soap. Clean brush for scrubbing. Clean cotton. New razor blade to cut the umbilical cord. Sterile gauze. Two pieces of sterile, strong thread to tie the umbilical cord. Additional desirable requirements Antiseptic eye drops for the baby’s eyes. Fetoscope or fetal stethoscope for listening to the baby’s heart sounds. Sterile needle and gut thread for sewing...

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Type of Childbirth (Normal and Emergency) and its different stages-“Childbirth”

Childbirth (Normal and Emergency) Childbirth is a natural process and one does not have to do too much to see it to completion. But done improperly, there can be serious complications. Majority of births do not threaten the lives of both the mother and the baby. Labor usually lasts several hours, and there is normally adequate time to arrange for a transfer to a hospital. However sometimes she presents too...

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First aid treatment of Miscarriage its causes and diagnose-“Miscarriage”

Miscarriage It occurs before 28th week of pregnancy, when the woman really does not expect to deliver and hence is not ready for it. Then she is even less likely to be in a hospital than at term. She may be distressed and frightened. She may be reluctant to confide in a stranger, particularly if that person is a man. Miscarriage is a dangerous event and needs medical attention. It...

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First aid treatment of Noise induced hearing loss its causes, prevention and diagnose-“ Occupational Hazards”

Noise Induced Hearing Loss Industrial exposures to high noise levels can affect the hearing in workers. It is a slow process and mostly not noticed until it is quite advanced. It is an irreversible process. It is prevented by the hearing conservation program, which is as follows. Hearing conservation Program Principle                                          Features Noise survey – Detailed noise survey is carried out by the qualified occupational health team in the...

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First aid treatment of Radiation hazards its causes, prevention and diagnose-“Radiation hazards”

Radiation hazards Workers are exposed to radiation in various forms in the following areas.  Exposure to ultraviolet rays occurs I arc and other electric welding processes. Many industries use radium and other radioactive substances. Exposure to radium also occurs in mining of radioactive ores and monazite sand workers. X- rays are used in industry and medicine. Infrared rays are produced in welding, glass blowing, the molten state and in heating...

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