Fracture -Facial fractures (nose, cheekbones or jaw): It’s diagnose and first aid treatment

Facial fractures (nose, cheekbones or jaw): It’s diagnose and first aid treatment These include fractures of the nose, cheekbones or jaw. The airway may be obstructed by loose teeth, blood and saliva, or displaced, swollen or lacerated tissue. Absence or depression of cough reflex may result in aspiration of regurgitated stomach contents into lungs causing asphyxia. Bleeding may be profuse. Fracture of the lower jaw is diagnosed by the following...

Read More »

Fracture -Fracture of the skull: it’s diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of the skull: it’s diagnose and first aid treatment The skull is a closed box made of many bones that are united by immovable joints. It protects the It can be fractured by a direct blow or falling on the head from a height. It can also be fractured by indirect e.g. falling from a height, landing on the feet. Direct trauma usually fractures the vault of the skull,...

Read More »

Fracture -Important first aid measures and treatment for a fracture

Important first aid measures and treatment for a fracture The aims of first aid are as follows. 1.Reduce pain. Make the patient comfortable. Prevent further damage. Get medical aid at the earliest. The first aid measures are as follows. Treat bleeding, difficulty in breathing, shock and unconsciousness first. Treat all fractures in the position in which the victim is found rather than move him to another place. This is not...

Read More »

Fracture -Clinical features of a fracture and its diagnose

Clinical features of a fracture and its diagnose Some fractures are obvious, e.g. an open fracture through which the broken of a bone project out. Other fractures may not be so obvious. They are diagnosed by the following features. Mental visualization is done of how the injury was caused. The appearance of the injured part is checked compared to the same on the uninjured side. History of trauma is present,...

Read More »

Fracture-Types of a fracture and anatomical type of a fracture

Fracture-Types of a fracture and anatomical types of a fracture Simple (closed) fracture: the skin surface over the fracture is intact. Compound (open) fracture: the skin surface over the fracture is broken and fracture communicates with outside. There is risk of extensive blood loss and infection. Complicated closed or open fractures: there is injury to and/or blood vessels in addition to the fracture. Anatomical types of a fracture Various types...

Read More »

Injury-Skeletal Injuries (sprain, strain, dislocation and fracture) and causes of skeletal injuries

Skeletal Injuries (sprain, strain, dislocation and fracture) and causes of skeletal injuries  Skeletal injuries can be classified as sprain, strain, dislocation and fracture. Adequate treatment given at the time of injury is very important in good anatomical repair and functional recovery. If it is not given, it may lead to further injure, shock and permanent disabilities. Sprain and are joint injuries in which there is no displacement of join surfaces....

Read More »

Clinical manifestations of shock and its first aid treatment

Clinical manifestations of shock and its first aid treatment The skin feels cool and clammy. There is severe pallor. The pulse is rapid and thready. Breathing is sighing or irregular. Vomiting and retching may be present. Eyelids are half open, pupils are dilated. There is blurring of vision. Urine output is low or absent. There may be coma. First Aid Place the victim in supine position with his head lower...

Read More »

After effects of shock and factors affecting the degree of shock

After effects of shock and factors affecting the degree of shock Blood pressure falls. Blood flow to heart is so that the heart beats faster. The blood vessels in constrict, so that most of the available blood is sent supply to the vital organs of the body like the heart, brain, and kidneys. This ensures supply of oxygen and nutrients to these structures. As the shock progresses, the blood supply...

Read More »

Shock-Main causes, types, after effects and its first aid treatment

Shock-Main causes, types and after effects Shock is a condition characterized by a discrepancy between the circulating blood volume and the capacity of the vascular tree. It is of various types. What are the causes of shock? Hypovolemic shock: it is due to loss of blood or fluid from the body. Thus it can be hemorrhagic or due to fluid loss. Hemorrhagic shock: whenever there is severe bleeding and the...

Read More »

Wound-Features of wound infection and its prevention

Features of wound infection and its prevention Gems causing infection may a wound at the time of the injury or may be implanted in the wound after the original injury. The source of late entry may be the nose and throat of person who breathe, talk, cough or sneeze near the victim, or the skin of careless first aides who do not wash their hands well before handling the wound....

Read More »

Bleeding-Bleeding from Orifices: its causes and first aid treatment

Bleeding-Bleeding from Orifices: its causes and first aid treatment Site            Appearance of blood                                 Causes Anus – Fresh, bright red. – Injury to anus, fissure hemorrhoids. Ear – Black, tarry, foul. Fresh, bright red Thin, watery – Bleeding in upper bowel, Injury to ear, Skull fracture. Mouth – Bright red, frothy, Red or dark reddish- black-Bleeding form lungs. Bleeding from digestive system Nose – Thin, watery. – Injury to nose. Skull...

Read More »

Bleeding-Vaginal bleeding: its causes and first aid treatment

Vaginal bleeding: its causes and first aid treatment Abnormal vaginal may be due to menstrual bleeding, miscarriage, or a malignancy. May be cramp like in lower abdomen or pelvic area. First Aid Place the woman where she can have some privacy. Place her on a bed with the head and shoulders slightly raised and the knees bent, supported on the blanket. Give her a sanitary napkin or a gauze pad...

Read More »