Balm herbal plant and its culinary and medicinal properties-History of Herbs

Balm-(Melissa officinalis) Labiatae Perennial This refreshingly lemon- scented herb is propagated by seeds, cuttings, and root division in spring, and in temperate climates again in autumn. It likes moist, rich soil and sunshine for part of the day. It grows to 75 cm (2 ½ ft) or more, depending on soil and rain fall. Although a member of the mint family, the shallow roots of balm (or lemon balm as...

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Anise herbal plant and its culinary and medicinal properties-History of Herbs

Anise-(Pimpinella anisum) Umbelliferae Annual Anise is a small, parsley – like plant 45- 60 cm (1 ½ -2 ft) high with serrated leaves that have a warmly aromatic taste. The flat, white flower heads are followed by intensely fragrant fruit or seeds which ripen to a brown colour and have the typical aniseed flavour. The plant prefers a sheltered, sunny position in light, well- drained soil. Propagation is by seed...

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Angelica herbal plant and its culinary, medicinal properties-History of Herbs

Angelica archangelica-Umbelliferae Biennial Angelica has been described as one of the “stately” herbs. It grows to 1.5- 2m (5-8ft) and is one of the tallest herbs not classified as a shrub or a small tree. The whole plant exudes a fine, sweetish fragrance but is it more pronounced in the hollow, bronze green stems and stalks. The large, round, creamy- lime flower heads bloom in spring, usually in their second...

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Lightning- Causes, effects and protective measures

Lightning- Causes, effects and protective measures Lightening is a phenomenon of high concentration static electricity generated in clouds passing to the earth through an object on the earth. If it falls on a person, it leads to shock and death. If the person survives, the treatment is as of severe electrical burns. Protective measures for such occurrences are as follows. In an electric storm, do not stand in open or...

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Hazardous substances-Accident with hazardous substances and its first aid treatment

Hazardous substances-Accident with hazardous substances and its first aid treatment Accident may complicate by spillage of dangerous substances carried in the vehicle, e.g. a tanker. A rescue attempt must not be made until me is sure that one will not come in with such a substance. First aid Keep bystanders away from the site of the accident. Stand upwind of the accident, so that you do inhale any fumes that may...

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Road Accident: Injuries (skeletal injuries, head injuries, crush injuries) and its first aid treatment

Road Accident: Injuries (skeletal injuries, head injuries, crush injuries) and its first aid treatment With increasing industrialization and urbanization, there is a progressive vehicular traffic. As a result, vehicular accidents are on rise. The accident may involve a single vehicle crashing against hard, two or more vehicles colliding, or a vehicle hitting pedestrian. The risks are given. Usually there are serious skeletal injuries, head injuries, and crush injuries. The victims...

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Burn-Preventive measures for electrical injuries

Burn-Preventive measures for electrical injuries All electrical wiring should be proper. It should be checked periodically. Adequate earthling should be provided to all electrical points. There should not be any live bare wires inserted into sockets. There should not be multiple appliances connected to a single socket. Rubber gloves should be worn by all workers handling the cables. While changing wires or correcting any fault, the mains should be switched...

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Burns-Electrical Injuries: Its cause, diagnose, rescue and first aid treatment

Electrical Injuries: Its cause, diagnose, rescue and first aid treatment If any part of the body comes in contact with an exposed (with loss of its insulation) live wire, electric shock occurs. Faulty electrical connections or blowing out of switches or fuses can cause such injury. The danger is greater if the floor or one’s body is wet. In wet conditions even lower voltage may be dangerous. An electric shock...

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Burns-Rope burns: Its cause and first aid treatment

Burns-Rope burns: Its cause and first aid treatment These are friction bums caused by a rope running through the hands or between the legs, as in the following conditions. Gymnastics. Mountaineering. Sailing. First aid Cool the affected area by placing it in cold water When the pain has subsided, dry the burnt area gently and cover it with sterile, fry dressing. Cover hands with gloves while handling ropes.  

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Burns-Wind burns: Its first aid treatment

Burns-Wind burns: Its first aid treatment The skin can burn by exposure to high velocity wind. First aid Apply moisturizing cream locally Cover the exposed area so as to protect it from the wind.

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Burns-Chemical burns of the eye: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Chemical burns of the eye: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment Corrosive chemicals may accidentally enter the eye, e.g. acids, alkalis, corrosives, hot ash etc. Acid injuries in the eye are non-progressive, whereas alkali injuries are progressive. Both can cause serious damage to the eye such as severe scarring and even blindness. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is a history of the chemical splashing into...

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Burns-Chemical burns: its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Burns-Chemical burns: its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment Contact with strong corrosives and chemicals like acids and alkalis cause chemical buns.  There is localized irritation and tissue damage. The severity of the damage caused by strong acids and alkalis depends on amount, and duration of contact with the corrosive. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is of contact with the corrosive. Its bottle may be found...

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