First aid treatment of allergy its causes and diagnose- “Allergy”

Allergy An allergy is a hypersensitivity reaction to certain substances like pollen of certain flowers and grasses, chicken feathers, feather pillows, moldy blankets or clothes, specific food- fish, shell fish, beer etc, and certain medicines, especially antibiotics or serum. These substances may cause an attack by contact with the patient’s skin, being breathed in or eaten. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. Skin rash: hives, wheals, accompanied by...

Read More »

Prevention of Asthma and its first aid treatment- “Asthma”

Prevention of Asthma  1.Avoid contact with substances that precipitate an attack. 2.Ask him to shift to a place with warm and dry weather. First aid Reassure the patient Ask him to take his usual medication, which may be in the form of an inhalation spray or tablets. Make him sit at a place that is warm and airy. Steam inhalation may also help. Shift him to a hospital immediately if...

Read More »

First aid treatment of asthma its causes and diagnose- “Asthma”

Asthma It is an allergic condition characterized by attacks of difficult breathing. It often begins in childhood and may last throughout life. It tends to occur in families. It tends to be worse at night and during winter. An acute attack may be caused by eating or breathing things to which the person is allergic. There is a spasm of the windpipe and its branches, so that breathing becomes difficult....

Read More »

Prevention of dysentery and its first aid treatment- “Dysentery”

Prevention of Dysentery Wash hands well before eating Use sanitary latrines Do not eat exposed food or food purchased from unhygienic food handlers. Control fly infestation First aid Give oral rehydration therapy, which consists of water mixed with salts (1 liter of boiled water plus 2 tablespoons of sugar honey and ¼ teaspoon salt and ¼ teaspoon of sodium bicarbonate). It reestablishes the hydration and electrolyte content of the body....

Read More »

First aid treatment of dysentery its causes and diagnose- “Dysentery”

Dysentery It is passage of motions with blood and mucus. It can be mild or severe. It can be acute onset and short duration, or chronic, lasting for many days. It is caused by infection with ameba or bacilli. It may be due to conditions like chronic ulcerative colitis. It is due to consumption of contaminated food. First aid Give oral re-hydration therapy, which consists of water mixed with salts...

Read More »

Prevention of diarrhea and its first aid treatment- “Diarrhea”

Prevention of Diarrhea Wash hands well before eating. Use sanitary latrines. Wash hands well with soap and water after defecation. Do not eat exposed food or food purchased from unhygienic food handlers. Control flies infestation. First aid Give oral re-hydration therapy, which consists of water mixed with salts ( 1 liter of boiled water plus 2 tablespoons of sugar or honey and ¼ teaspoon salt and ¼ teaspoon of sodium...

Read More »

First aid treatment of diarrhea its causes and diagnose- “Diarrhea”

Diarrhea It is passage of watery loose motions. It can be mild or severe. It can be acute onset and short duration, or chronic, lasting for many days. It is more common and more dangerous in young children, especially those who are malnourished. It has many causes. Infection due to consumption of contaminated food is the commonest cause. Indigestion, malabsorption, liver disorders, and use of drugs like ampicillin are other...

Read More »

First aid treatment of vomiting its causes and diagnose- “Vomiting”

Vomiting Vomiting is a symptom and not a disease by itself. It can be caused by a large number of causes like gastritis, indigestion, gastric ulcer, gastroenteritis, cancer of the stomach, peritonitis, and intestinal obstruction. It may be mild stomach and get cured by itself. However the serious disorders listed above require medical treatment. First aid If it is a mild stomach upset, give the patient an antacid and an...

Read More »

First aid treatment of pain in abdomen its causes and diagnose- “Pain in abdomen”

Pain in abdomen Abdominal pain is a symptom and not a disease by itself. It can be caused by a large number of causes like peptic ulcer, gastritis, gastroenteritis, appendicitis, indigestion, flatulence, intestinal obstruction, intestinal perforation and peritonitis. First aid Place the patient in half sitting position with the head and shoulders well – supported and the lower limbs drawn up a little. Apply hot water bottle or bag to...

Read More »

Prevention of toothache and its first aid treatment

Prevention of Toothache Eat less food stuffs that are very sweet and sticky. Brush teeth properly after every feed. Have periodic dental check up. First aid Give aspirin or paracetamol orally Insert a little cotton ball soaked with clove oil into the cavity of the tooth. Send him to a dentist.

Read More »

First aid treatment of toothache its causes and diagnose- “Toothache”

Toothache It is usually due to dental neglect resulting in dental caries. When the tooth decay reaches the canal in the root of the tooth, nerve endings get irritated and cause pain. Ann abscess may form around the apex of the root and cause further pain. The tooth may also hurt when its outer coating is worn off and hypersensitive inner part is exposed in such cases contact with cold...

Read More »

First aid treatment of backache its causes and diagnose- “Backache”

Backache Backache is pain anywhere in the back. It may be in the upper back or lower back. It may be constant or intermittent. It is a symptom of a disease and not a disease by itself. Various causes of backache are as follows: Bad posture; standing or sitting in a bad posture, with the shoulders drooped. Sprain of the joints of the back Prolapsed intervertebral disc. Menstruation in women:...

Read More »