Foreign Bodies-Foreign bodies in the eye: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Foreign bodies in the eye: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment Foreign bodies can enter the eye accidentally when is a strong wind blowing, or when one is traveling without protection to the eye, Example on a motor cycle various foreign bodies that can enter the eye are dust, sand particles, coal particles, small pieces of glass, etc. They are either the eyelids or in the eyeball. The condition...

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Foreign Bodies-Foreign bodies in the ear: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Foreign bodies in the ear: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment Foreign bodies can enter the ear either accidentally (insects) or may be inserted by children during play (peas, buttons, pencils etc.). Fie condition is diagnosed by the following features. History of insertion of the foreign body may to may not be available. A child may not admit it due to fear. There is pain in the ear. There...

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Foreign Bodies-Foreign bodies in the Skin: Its cause and first aid treatment

Foreign bodies in the Skin: Its cause and first aid treatment Small foreign bodies like shards of glass and wood splinters usually cause small puncture wounds with little or no bleeding. But they are quite painful. Hence they have to be removed early. If a portion of the foreign body is found to be sticking out of the skin, it can be grasped with nails or a small forceps and...

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Slipped disc-Prolapsed intervertebral disc: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Slipped disc-Prolapsed intervertebral disc: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment This occurs when a part cartilage which separates adjacent vertebrae protrudes backwards into the spinal column. It causes compression of the spinal cord and/or spinal nerve roots. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is a sudden, severe pain in the back that may radiate towards the legs. It may be aggravated by movements. There may be...

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Joint-Dislocation of shoulder: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Dislocation of shoulder: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment It is caused by a fall on the shoulder or a wrenching force to the upper limb. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is severe pain in the shoulder joint. Move the limb because of the pain. He casualty often supports the limb at the elbow by the other hand, and tilts his had that side. The...

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Joint-Dislocation (severe injury): Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Dislocation (severe injury): Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment This is more severe injury than n sprain. It occurs when a strong force acts directly or indirectly on a joint pulling a bone into an abnormal position. It can occur as a result of sudden muscular contraction too. There is displacement of one or more bones at a joint. There is also tearing of ligaments, joint capsule, and tissues...

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Joint-Sprain (Injury to the ligament, the joint capsule): Its diagnose and first aid treatment

Sprain (Injury to the ligament, the joint capsule): Its diagnose and first aid treatment Sprain is an injury to the ligament(s) and the joint capsule. It is due to sudden movement twisting of the part involving joint. Ankle is the most commonly sprained joint. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is severe pain locally, aggravated by movement at the joint. Bruising and swelling are present around the...

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Joint- What is joint: Its types (Movable, Immovable, Ball and socket) and its features

Joint: Its types (Movable, Immovable, Ball and socket) and its features A joint is the junction of two or more bones, called. Various types of joints are shown in the following table.  Types of Joints                                     Type Features Movable – Two or more bones are held together by means of ligaments, muscles, and tendons....

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Fracture-Fracture of the bones of the foot: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of the bones of the foot: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment These are due to direct crushing by heavy objects. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is pain in the foot increased by movement. There is loss of movement. There is an inability to walk properly. Swelling and bruising are seen at the site of the fracture. Tenderness is present at the site of...

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Fracture-Fracture of leg bones: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of leg bones: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment One leg (tibia) is quite sturdy and usually requires a heavy blow to fracture them. The (fibula) is and can be broken by twisting force, as during twisting of the ankle. Since the weight-bearing is done by the tibia, a fracture of the fibula does not cause much problem for the victim. The condition is diagnosed by the following...

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Fracture-Fracture of knee cap (patella): Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of knee cap (patella): Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment It is a small bone in front of the knee joint. It forms the point of attachment of the large muscles of the thigh. It may be fractured from direct blow or as a result of muscular pull. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. Pain on the front of the knee joint. Tenda-ness at knee. Loss...

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Fracture-Fracture of the knee joint: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of the knee joint: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment The knee joint is supported by strong ligaments and muscles. The knee cap lies in front of it. Any of these structures may be injured by direct blow, strain, or violent twist. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. History of a recent trauma to the knee. Pain the knee joint. Acute pain on attempting to straighten...

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