Fracture-Fracture of the knee joint: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of the knee joint: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment The knee joint is supported by strong ligaments and muscles. The knee cap lies in front of it. Any of these structures may be injured by direct blow, strain, or violent twist. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. History of a recent trauma to the knee. Pain the knee joint. Acute pain on attempting to straighten...

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Fracture-Fracture of thigh bone (femur): its causes and first aid treatment

Fracture of thigh bone (femur): its causes and first aid treatment Fractures of the neck of the thigh bone (femur) at the hip joint are common in the elderly women, who have become more brittle after menopause. A fracture the shaft of the femur develops due to severe force e.g. road accidents, or falls from heights. Pain at the site of the injury. Inability to walk. A patient with impacted...

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Fracture-Fracture of pelvis: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of pelvis: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment Fracture of the pelvis is mostly due to a direct force, e.g. crush accidents; fall of the impact of a car dashboard on a knee can force the head of the thigh bone through the hip socket. It may also be due to an indirect force, e.g. fall from a great height on the feet. These may be complicated by...

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Fracture-Fracture of spine: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of spine: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment The spine (vertebral column) is made up of a number of small bones called a vertebrae arranged one above another. The spine is supported by many strong ligaments and the muscles of the trunk. It protects the spinal cord and contained within it. The spinal cord is delicate and if damaged, loss of sensation or power can occur in parts...

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Fracture-Fracture of rib: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture-Fracture of rib: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment Rib fractures may be caused by direct force (a blow, vehicular accidents, or fall on the chest) by indirect force e.g. compression of the chest from the front and back simultaneously. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is pain at the injured area, increased on deep breathing and coughing. The victim takes short and shallow breaths so...

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Fracture-Fractures of the hand and fingers: Its causes and first aid treatment

Fractures of the hand and fingers: Its causes and first aid treatment The hand is made up of many small bones with movable joints, which may be injured by direct indirect trauma. Crush injuries cause multiple fractures in the hand. A fracture of the knuckle between the little and the hand may occur due to a misplaced punch. There may be severe bleeding and swelling. Sprains and dislocations may affect...

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Fracture-Fracture of the forearm and wrist: Its first aid treatment

Fracture of the forearm and wrist: Its first aid treatment Radius and ulna, the bones of the forearm may be fractured across their shafts by a heavy blow. These fractures are often compound because the bones have little fleshy covering. The commonest fracture around the wrist is a Colles fracture, usually caused by fall on the outstretched hand. It produces fork deformity of the forearm and hand. First Aid Place...

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Fracture-Fracture of elbow joint: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of elbow joint: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment These are quite common, resulting from a fall on the outstretched hand. This is an unstable injury. The broken ends of bone may move and damage sun-rounding blood vessels. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is pain in the elbow, increased by movement. There is tenderness over the site of the fracture. If the head of...

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Fracture -Fracture of arm: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of arm: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment It is caused by a direct blow. But it is much more common, especially in the elderly. It is a stable injury. Hence the victim may walk around for sometime before reporting to a doctor for treatment. It is a difficult fracture to treat as the muscles produce overlapping of ends that are broken and angulation. The condition is diagnosed...

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Fracture -Fracture of collarbone: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of collarbone: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment The clavicle fractures due to fall the outstretched hand or on the tip of the shoulder. It is diagnosed by the presence of the following: Pain and tenderness at the site of injury increased by movement of the upper limb. Reluctance of the victim to move the limb on the injured side. He may be found to be supporting the...

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Fracture -Fracture of nasal bone: its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of nasal bone: its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment It is due to direct trauma to the nose. It is diagnosed by the presence of bleeding from nose, difficulty in breathing due to airway obstruction. First Aid Treat as for nasal bleeding. Clear the airway. Apply a cold compress locally Shift him to a hospital immediately.

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Fracture -Facial fractures (nose, cheekbones or jaw): It’s diagnose and first aid treatment

Facial fractures (nose, cheekbones or jaw): It’s diagnose and first aid treatment These include fractures of the nose, cheekbones or jaw. The airway may be obstructed by loose teeth, blood and saliva, or displaced, swollen or lacerated tissue. Absence or depression of cough reflex may result in aspiration of regurgitated stomach contents into lungs causing asphyxia. Bleeding may be profuse. Fracture of the lower jaw is diagnosed by the following...

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