Fracture-Fractures of the hand and fingers: Its causes and first aid treatment

Fractures of the hand and fingers: Its causes and first aid treatment The hand is made up of many small bones with movable joints, which may be injured by direct indirect trauma. Crush injuries cause multiple fractures in the hand. A fracture of the knuckle between the little and the hand may occur due to a misplaced punch. There may be severe bleeding and swelling. Sprains and dislocations may affect...

Read More »

Fracture-Fracture of the forearm and wrist: Its first aid treatment

Fracture of the forearm and wrist: Its first aid treatment Radius and ulna, the bones of the forearm may be fractured across their shafts by a heavy blow. These fractures are often compound because the bones have little fleshy covering. The commonest fracture around the wrist is a Colles fracture, usually caused by fall on the outstretched hand. It produces fork deformity of the forearm and hand. First Aid Place...

Read More »

Fracture-Fracture of elbow joint: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of elbow joint: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment These are quite common, resulting from a fall on the outstretched hand. This is an unstable injury. The broken ends of bone may move and damage sun-rounding blood vessels. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is pain in the elbow, increased by movement. There is tenderness over the site of the fracture. If the head of...

Read More »

Fracture -Fracture of arm: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of arm: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment It is caused by a direct blow. But it is much more common, especially in the elderly. It is a stable injury. Hence the victim may walk around for sometime before reporting to a doctor for treatment. It is a difficult fracture to treat as the muscles produce overlapping of ends that are broken and angulation. The condition is diagnosed...

Read More »

Fracture -Fracture of collarbone: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of collarbone: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment The clavicle fractures due to fall the outstretched hand or on the tip of the shoulder. It is diagnosed by the presence of the following: Pain and tenderness at the site of injury increased by movement of the upper limb. Reluctance of the victim to move the limb on the injured side. He may be found to be supporting the...

Read More »

Fracture -Fracture of nasal bone: its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of nasal bone: its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment It is due to direct trauma to the nose. It is diagnosed by the presence of bleeding from nose, difficulty in breathing due to airway obstruction. First Aid Treat as for nasal bleeding. Clear the airway. Apply a cold compress locally Shift him to a hospital immediately.

Read More »

Fracture -Facial fractures (nose, cheekbones or jaw): It’s diagnose and first aid treatment

Facial fractures (nose, cheekbones or jaw): It’s diagnose and first aid treatment These include fractures of the nose, cheekbones or jaw. The airway may be obstructed by loose teeth, blood and saliva, or displaced, swollen or lacerated tissue. Absence or depression of cough reflex may result in aspiration of regurgitated stomach contents into lungs causing asphyxia. Bleeding may be profuse. Fracture of the lower jaw is diagnosed by the following...

Read More »

Fracture -Fracture of the skull: it’s diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of the skull: it’s diagnose and first aid treatment The skull is a closed box made of many bones that are united by immovable joints. It protects the It can be fractured by a direct blow or falling on the head from a height. It can also be fractured by indirect e.g. falling from a height, landing on the feet. Direct trauma usually fractures the vault of the skull,...

Read More »

Fracture -Important first aid measures and treatment for a fracture

Important first aid measures and treatment for a fracture The aims of first aid are as follows. 1.Reduce pain. Make the patient comfortable. Prevent further damage. Get medical aid at the earliest. The first aid measures are as follows. Treat bleeding, difficulty in breathing, shock and unconsciousness first. Treat all fractures in the position in which the victim is found rather than move him to another place. This is not...

Read More »

Fracture -Clinical features of a fracture and its diagnose

Clinical features of a fracture and its diagnose Some fractures are obvious, e.g. an open fracture through which the broken of a bone project out. Other fractures may not be so obvious. They are diagnosed by the following features. Mental visualization is done of how the injury was caused. The appearance of the injured part is checked compared to the same on the uninjured side. History of trauma is present,...

Read More »

Fracture-Types of a fracture and anatomical type of a fracture

Fracture-Types of a fracture and anatomical types of a fracture Simple (closed) fracture: the skin surface over the fracture is intact. Compound (open) fracture: the skin surface over the fracture is broken and fracture communicates with outside. There is risk of extensive blood loss and infection. Complicated closed or open fractures: there is injury to and/or blood vessels in addition to the fracture. Anatomical types of a fracture Various types...

Read More »

Injury-Skeletal Injuries (sprain, strain, dislocation and fracture) and causes of skeletal injuries

Skeletal Injuries (sprain, strain, dislocation and fracture) and causes of skeletal injuries  Skeletal injuries can be classified as sprain, strain, dislocation and fracture. Adequate treatment given at the time of injury is very important in good anatomical repair and functional recovery. If it is not given, it may lead to further injure, shock and permanent disabilities. Sprain and are joint injuries in which there is no displacement of join surfaces....

Read More »