First aid treatment of dysentery its causes and diagnose- “Dysentery”

Dysentery It is passage of motions with blood and mucus. It can be mild or severe. It can be acute onset and short duration, or chronic, lasting for many days. It is caused by infection with ameba or bacilli. It may be due to conditions like chronic ulcerative colitis. It is due to consumption of contaminated food. First aid Give oral re-hydration therapy, which consists of water mixed with salts...

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Prevention of diarrhea and its first aid treatment- “Diarrhea”

Prevention of Diarrhea Wash hands well before eating. Use sanitary latrines. Wash hands well with soap and water after defecation. Do not eat exposed food or food purchased from unhygienic food handlers. Control flies infestation. First aid Give oral re-hydration therapy, which consists of water mixed with salts ( 1 liter of boiled water plus 2 tablespoons of sugar or honey and ¼ teaspoon salt and ¼ teaspoon of sodium...

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First aid treatment of diarrhea its causes and diagnose- “Diarrhea”

Diarrhea It is passage of watery loose motions. It can be mild or severe. It can be acute onset and short duration, or chronic, lasting for many days. It is more common and more dangerous in young children, especially those who are malnourished. It has many causes. Infection due to consumption of contaminated food is the commonest cause. Indigestion, malabsorption, liver disorders, and use of drugs like ampicillin are other...

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First aid treatment of vomiting its causes and diagnose- “Vomiting”

Vomiting Vomiting is a symptom and not a disease by itself. It can be caused by a large number of causes like gastritis, indigestion, gastric ulcer, gastroenteritis, cancer of the stomach, peritonitis, and intestinal obstruction. It may be mild stomach and get cured by itself. However the serious disorders listed above require medical treatment. First aid If it is a mild stomach upset, give the patient an antacid and an...

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First aid treatment of pain in abdomen its causes and diagnose- “Pain in abdomen”

Pain in abdomen Abdominal pain is a symptom and not a disease by itself. It can be caused by a large number of causes like peptic ulcer, gastritis, gastroenteritis, appendicitis, indigestion, flatulence, intestinal obstruction, intestinal perforation and peritonitis. First aid Place the patient in half sitting position with the head and shoulders well – supported and the lower limbs drawn up a little. Apply hot water bottle or bag to...

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Prevention of toothache and its first aid treatment

Prevention of Toothache Eat less food stuffs that are very sweet and sticky. Brush teeth properly after every feed. Have periodic dental check up. First aid Give aspirin or paracetamol orally Insert a little cotton ball soaked with clove oil into the cavity of the tooth. Send him to a dentist.

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First aid treatment of toothache its causes and diagnose- “Toothache”

Toothache It is usually due to dental neglect resulting in dental caries. When the tooth decay reaches the canal in the root of the tooth, nerve endings get irritated and cause pain. Ann abscess may form around the apex of the root and cause further pain. The tooth may also hurt when its outer coating is worn off and hypersensitive inner part is exposed in such cases contact with cold...

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First aid treatment of backache its causes and diagnose- “Backache”

Backache Backache is pain anywhere in the back. It may be in the upper back or lower back. It may be constant or intermittent. It is a symptom of a disease and not a disease by itself. Various causes of backache are as follows: Bad posture; standing or sitting in a bad posture, with the shoulders drooped. Sprain of the joints of the back Prolapsed intervertebral disc. Menstruation in women:...

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First aid treatment of earache its causes and diagnose- “Earache”

Earache Earache is occurrence of pain in the ear. It may be due to any of the following conditions. Dental caries. Tooth abscess. Middle ear infection Boil in the ear. Wax I the ear. Foreign body in the ear Under water swimming Air travel. First Aid Give aspirin or parracetamol orally to relieve the pain Send him to a doctor for evolution and treatment.  

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First aid treatment of migraine its causes and diagnose- “Migraine”

 Migraine It is a disease in which there is unilateral headache. It may be precipitated by emotional disturbances or bright light. In many cases no cause can be found. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is intense unilateral headache. Flickering vision may precede the headache. Nausea and vomiting are present There is intolerance to light or noise. First Aid Give aspirin or paracetamol orally to relieve the...

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First aid treatment of headache its causes and diagnose- “Headache”

Headache Headache is pain anywhere in head. It may be constant, throbbing, or intermittent. It is a symptom of a disease and not a disease by itself. Various causes of headache are as follows: 1. Refractive errors 2. Exhaustion. 3. Lack of sleep. 4. Anxiety 5. Dental caries 6. Sinusitis. 7. Constipation. 8. Common cold 9. Hypertension 10 Migraine 11 Brain tumors First aid Place the patient in a dark,...

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Types and features fever and its first aid treatment- “Fever”

Types and features Fever  Fever is not a disease itself, but just a symptom of a large number of illnesses. The commonest cause is infection. Acute pyogenic infections cause high fever with chills. Chronic infections like tuberculosis cause low grade fever, often without chills. Various types of fever are shown in the following table. Type                                       features Continuous – the temperature does not fluctuate by more than 1 degree C...

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