Retrocalcaneal pain- Retrocalcaneal pain causes and its first aid

Retrocalcaneal pain causes and its first aid  It is seen in adolescents during the rapid growth spurt between the age of 11 and 15 years. There is tenderness on compression of the medial and lateral aspects of the heel. First aid Give total rest initially to allow the pain to subside. Give paracetamol for pain. Advise use of shock absorbing heel pads in all shoes. Send him to a hospital...

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Achilles tendinitis-What is Achilles tendinitis, it’s diagnose and first aid

Achilles tendinitis and it’s diagnose Achilles tendon is the tendon of the calf muscles attached to the heel of the foot. Its inflammation is diagnosed by the following features. Pain around the tendon. Swelling around the tendon. First aid Initial treatment is aimed at reducing local oedema. Give rest and apply ice packs locally to reduce pain and resolve inflammation. Give paracetamol for pain. Use a heel raise to reduce...

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Tennis leg-Tennis leg causes, diagnose and first aid

Tennis leg causes and diagnose Tennis leg is a strain of the gastrocnemius muscle. Women over the age of 30 are generally affected. One condition is diagnosed by the following features. The athlete often feels something giving way in the back of the leg or as if she has been hit from behind, just after forceful jump. Pain and spasm occur rapidly so that she cannot put her foot on...

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Pain-Pain in the Shin its causes and first aid

Pain in the Shin its causes There is pain in the anterior lower leg in anterior compartment syndrome. It increases on dorsiflexion of the foot. It is due to a sudden increase in training intensity, especially jumping or running on a hard surface. First aid Give rest. Give paracetamol for pain. Send him to a hospital for orthopedic treatment if these measures fail.

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Bursitis- Bursitis types, causes and its first aid

Bursitis types and cause There are 14 bursae around the knee joint. Any of them can get inflamed. Prepatellar bursa is usually injured by falling onto the anterior aspect of knee or by prolonged kneeling. It is painful when compressed. Septic bursitis may result if it gets infected. In semimembranosus bursitis, there is pain on the lower posteromedial aspect of the knee. First aid Give paracetamol for pain. Send him...

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Blister-Blister care, its causes and first aid

Blister Care They occur as due to shearing or compression of the skin. Loose sports shoes may cause blisters over the heels. A narrow toe shoe may cause blisters on the fifth toe. First aid Use petroleum jelly between toes. Use powder or astringent to dry the foot. Send him to a hospital for drainage of acute blisters.

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Injury -Dental injury and its first aid

Dental Injury A direct hit generally knocks out anterior teeth. If the teeth are hit but not knocked out, soft tissue damage is only minor. The teeth and mouth are sore. The tooth is not displaced. It may be loose and tender and there may be some gum damage. First aid 1.Ask the victim to hold the tooth in its socket firmly using a towel. 2.Send him to a dentist...

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Injury -Nasal injuries and its first aid

Nasal injuries A blow to the nose causes nasal injuries, as in boxing sport. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is pain and tenderness over the nasal bones. Swelling may be present over the site of the injury. There is bleeding from the nose. A deformity is felt on running a finger down the front of the nose. The nasal bones may be deviated to one side...

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Injury -Maxillofacial injuries and its first aid

Maxillofacial injuries A blow to the upper jaw causes injuries to the maxilla and zygomatic bone, as in boxing. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. One half of a cheek may feel numb. There is pain and tenderness over the affected bones. Swelling may be present over the site of the injury. Teeth may be out of alignment. Chewing or biting on a folded cloth causes pain. Bony...

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Injury -Under water diving injury and its first aid

Under water diving injury With under water diving, there is increase in pressure on the ear drums from outside, while the eustachian tube is unable to equalize pressure. The ear drums may rupture below the depth of 3 meters. It causes severe pain in the ear. First aid Send him to a hospital immediately.

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Injury -Ear injury and its first aid

Ear Injury It is caused by a direct blow to the ear. A hematoma forms due to accumulation of blood between the external ear cartilage and perichondrium. First aid Apply an ice pack locally. Apply compression over the injured ear. Send him to a hospital immediately.

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Injury -Head injuries diagnose and its first aid

Head Injuries Head injuries are always grave injuries because they can be associated with serious injury to the brain within the skull. Niese may be accompanied by skull fractures. They may be caused by road accidents, mining accidents, sports accidents, fall from a height etc. Various manifestations of head injuries are as follows. Scalp wounds. Skull fractures. Concussion: there is a temporary disturbance of the function of the brain. The...

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