Joint-Sprain (Injury to the ligament, the joint capsule): Its diagnose and first aid treatment

Sprain (Injury to the ligament, the joint capsule): Its diagnose and first aid treatment Sprain is an injury to the ligament(s) and the joint capsule. It is due to sudden movement twisting of the part involving joint. Ankle is the most commonly sprained joint. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is severe pain locally, aggravated by movement at the joint. Bruising and swelling are present around the...

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Joint- What is joint: Its types (Movable, Immovable, Ball and socket) and its features

Joint: Its types (Movable, Immovable, Ball and socket) and its features A joint is the junction of two or more bones, called. Various types of joints are shown in the following table.  Types of Joints                                     Type Features Movable – Two or more bones are held together by means of ligaments, muscles, and tendons....

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Fracture-Fracture of the bones of the foot: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of the bones of the foot: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment These are due to direct crushing by heavy objects. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is pain in the foot increased by movement. There is loss of movement. There is an inability to walk properly. Swelling and bruising are seen at the site of the fracture. Tenderness is present at the site of...

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Fracture-Fracture of leg bones: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of leg bones: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment One leg (tibia) is quite sturdy and usually requires a heavy blow to fracture them. The (fibula) is and can be broken by twisting force, as during twisting of the ankle. Since the weight-bearing is done by the tibia, a fracture of the fibula does not cause much problem for the victim. The condition is diagnosed by the following...

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Fracture-Fracture of knee cap (patella): Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of knee cap (patella): Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment It is a small bone in front of the knee joint. It forms the point of attachment of the large muscles of the thigh. It may be fractured from direct blow or as a result of muscular pull. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. Pain on the front of the knee joint. Tenda-ness at knee. Loss...

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Fracture-Fracture of the knee joint: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of the knee joint: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment The knee joint is supported by strong ligaments and muscles. The knee cap lies in front of it. Any of these structures may be injured by direct blow, strain, or violent twist. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. History of a recent trauma to the knee. Pain the knee joint. Acute pain on attempting to straighten...

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Fracture-Fracture of thigh bone (femur): its causes and first aid treatment

Fracture of thigh bone (femur): its causes and first aid treatment Fractures of the neck of the thigh bone (femur) at the hip joint are common in the elderly women, who have become more brittle after menopause. A fracture the shaft of the femur develops due to severe force e.g. road accidents, or falls from heights. Pain at the site of the injury. Inability to walk. A patient with impacted...

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Fracture-Fracture of pelvis: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of pelvis: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment Fracture of the pelvis is mostly due to a direct force, e.g. crush accidents; fall of the impact of a car dashboard on a knee can force the head of the thigh bone through the hip socket. It may also be due to an indirect force, e.g. fall from a great height on the feet. These may be complicated by...

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Fracture-Fracture of spine: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture of spine: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment The spine (vertebral column) is made up of a number of small bones called a vertebrae arranged one above another. The spine is supported by many strong ligaments and the muscles of the trunk. It protects the spinal cord and contained within it. The spinal cord is delicate and if damaged, loss of sensation or power can occur in parts...

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Fracture-Fracture of rib: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Fracture-Fracture of rib: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment Rib fractures may be caused by direct force (a blow, vehicular accidents, or fall on the chest) by indirect force e.g. compression of the chest from the front and back simultaneously. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is pain at the injured area, increased on deep breathing and coughing. The victim takes short and shallow breaths so...

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Fracture-Fractures of the hand and fingers: Its causes and first aid treatment

Fractures of the hand and fingers: Its causes and first aid treatment The hand is made up of many small bones with movable joints, which may be injured by direct indirect trauma. Crush injuries cause multiple fractures in the hand. A fracture of the knuckle between the little and the hand may occur due to a misplaced punch. There may be severe bleeding and swelling. Sprains and dislocations may affect...

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Fracture-Fracture of the forearm and wrist: Its first aid treatment

Fracture of the forearm and wrist: Its first aid treatment Radius and ulna, the bones of the forearm may be fractured across their shafts by a heavy blow. These fractures are often compound because the bones have little fleshy covering. The commonest fracture around the wrist is a Colles fracture, usually caused by fall on the outstretched hand. It produces fork deformity of the forearm and hand. First Aid Place...

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