Burns-Clinical features of burns: Severe pain, Redness and swelling

Burns-Clinical features of burns: Severe pain, Redness and swelling There is severe pain at and around the site of burns. Redness and swelling develop around the bums. The skin around a severe bum is gray and charred. The victim may be in shock. There may be breathlessness due to inhalation of fumes. Blisters are vesicles in the skin. They appear late in superficial bums. Later on features of complications like...

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Burns-Characteristics of burns: First degree, Second Degree and third Degree

Burns-Characteristics of burns: First degree, Second Degree and third Degree Surface area of body burnt: it can be found out using the ‘rule of nines’. It is used very accurately in children below the age of 15 years. The whole body is divided into portions of 9%, as shown in the following table. If approximately 10% or more of the body surface of a child or 15% or more of...

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Burns-Types of dangers of burn and its effects

Burns-Types of dangers of burn and its effects Shock: initially the shock is neurogenic, due to the severe pain experienced by the victim. Later it becomes hypovolemic, due to of body fluids. Infection: There is big risk of infection with burns because skin is injured and bacteria settle raw area. The infection can spread into the blood stream (septicemia). Toxemia: it is due to spread of toxins from the burnt...

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Burns-Burns(Dry heat moist heat,Electrical,Radiation): Its causes, types and conditions

Burns(Dry heat moist heat,Electrical,Radiation): Its causes, types and conditions Burns are wounds caused by excessive exposure of the body to heat in any form. Some people restrict the term ‘burns’ for burns occurring from exposure to fry heat like fire, flames, hot metal, sun, heat tension electric current, lighting, and friction, and the term ‘scalds’ for bums resulting from exposure to moist heat like boiling water, steam, oil, hot liquids,...

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Foreign Bodies-Foreign bodies in the stomach: Its cause and first aid treatment

Foreign bodies in the stomach: Its cause and first aid treatment A child may accidentally swallow a foreign body like a seed of a fruit, a button, or a coin. Most of these foreign bodies get frown out with feces. There is no urgency to treat these cases by first aid. They can be sent to a doctor if the foreign body is big, e.g. a coin.

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Foreign Bodies -Foreign bodies in the nose: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Foreign bodies in the nose: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment A child may insert a foreign body like a seed or a piece of pencil into the nose either accidentally or during play. When it to remove it, it gets driven in further. Foreign bodies like seeds absorb water and swell up. Their removal becomes even more difficult. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. History of...

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Foreign Bodies-Foreign bodies in the eye: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Foreign bodies in the eye: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment Foreign bodies can enter the eye accidentally when is a strong wind blowing, or when one is traveling without protection to the eye, Example on a motor cycle various foreign bodies that can enter the eye are dust, sand particles, coal particles, small pieces of glass, etc. They are either the eyelids or in the eyeball. The condition...

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Foreign Bodies-Foreign bodies in the ear: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Foreign bodies in the ear: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment Foreign bodies can enter the ear either accidentally (insects) or may be inserted by children during play (peas, buttons, pencils etc.). Fie condition is diagnosed by the following features. History of insertion of the foreign body may to may not be available. A child may not admit it due to fear. There is pain in the ear. There...

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Foreign Bodies-Foreign bodies in the Skin: Its cause and first aid treatment

Foreign bodies in the Skin: Its cause and first aid treatment Small foreign bodies like shards of glass and wood splinters usually cause small puncture wounds with little or no bleeding. But they are quite painful. Hence they have to be removed early. If a portion of the foreign body is found to be sticking out of the skin, it can be grasped with nails or a small forceps and...

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Slipped disc-Prolapsed intervertebral disc: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Slipped disc-Prolapsed intervertebral disc: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment This occurs when a part cartilage which separates adjacent vertebrae protrudes backwards into the spinal column. It causes compression of the spinal cord and/or spinal nerve roots. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is a sudden, severe pain in the back that may radiate towards the legs. It may be aggravated by movements. There may be...

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Joint-Dislocation of shoulder: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Dislocation of shoulder: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment It is caused by a fall on the shoulder or a wrenching force to the upper limb. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is severe pain in the shoulder joint. Move the limb because of the pain. He casualty often supports the limb at the elbow by the other hand, and tilts his had that side. The...

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Joint-Dislocation (severe injury): Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Dislocation (severe injury): Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment This is more severe injury than n sprain. It occurs when a strong force acts directly or indirectly on a joint pulling a bone into an abnormal position. It can occur as a result of sudden muscular contraction too. There is displacement of one or more bones at a joint. There is also tearing of ligaments, joint capsule, and tissues...

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