First aid treatment of retention of urine its causes and diagnose- “Retention of urine”

Retention of urine It is an inability to pass urine collected in the urinary bladder. It may be caused by any of the following conditions. Enlargement of prostate in an elderly male.       Trauma to the urthra of a male, e.g. after fall astride a hard object. Lying down in bed. Pelvic tumors pressing on the urethra. First aid Apply hot water bags over lower part of abdomen. Make him...

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First aid treatment of piles (hemorrhoids) its causes and diagnose- “Piles (hemorrhoids)”

Piles (hemorrhoids) There are varicose veins of the rectum. They may be caused by constipation. They feel like little lumps or balls when they prolapsed out of the anus during defecation or permanently. They cause bleeding per rectum when passing stools. They are painful when they get thrombosed. A hemorrhoid begins to bleed. The person develops anemia due to chronic blood loss. First aid Give diet rich in fiber Give...

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First aid treatment of obstructed hernia its causes and diagnose- “Obstructed hernia”

Obstructed Hernia A hernia is an abnormal protrusion of an abdominal organ or a part of an organ through an abnormal opening in the abdominal wall. Various types of hernias are inguinal hernia, umbilical hernia femoral hernia etc.  Baby may be born with a hernia. An elderly person develops an inguinal hernia due to enlargement of his prostate, which makes him strain for passing urine. A hernia may develop in...

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First aid treatment of indigestion its causes and diagnose- “Indigestion”

Indigestion It is a condition characterized by a sensation of fullness of the stomach along with belching and upper abdominal pain or discomfort (heartburn). It may be caused by any of the following. Ingestion of lot of food too difficult to digest. Drinking too much alcohol. Tension and anxiety. First aid Place the patient comfortably in bed. Give him some milk to drink. Give him an antacid. Send him to...

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First aid treatment of constipation its causes and diagnose- “Constipation”

Constipation Failure to pass stools for 2 or more days is called constipation. It is often due to a diet poor in fiber, e.g. fruits and green vegetables. It may be caused by pregnancy, use or drugs like iron, and tumors of the large intestine. First aid Give diet rich in fiber. Give plenty of fluids orally. Give a laxative like isapgol or liquid paraffin at bed time. A glycerin...

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First aid treatment of hiccups its causes and diagnose- “Hiccups”

Hiccups Hiccups occur due to spasms of the diaphragm, which divides the abdomen from the chest. They are commonly due to eating or drinking too much or drinking carbonated beverages in large quantities. They can also be due to diseases that irritate the phrenic nerve that supplies the diaphragm. There are so many hiccup remedies. They all work when the hiccups are ready to stop anyhow. Hiccupping lasting for days...

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Prevention of allergy and its first aid treatment- “Allergy”

Prevention of Allergy Avoid contact with substances that precipitate an attract Send him to a doctor for desensitization therapy. First aid Stop the use of the specific substance responsible for the allergy immediately. Apply cold compresses for severe skin itching and burning. Send him to a doctor immediately.

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First aid treatment of allergy its causes and diagnose- “Allergy”

Allergy An allergy is a hypersensitivity reaction to certain substances like pollen of certain flowers and grasses, chicken feathers, feather pillows, moldy blankets or clothes, specific food- fish, shell fish, beer etc, and certain medicines, especially antibiotics or serum. These substances may cause an attack by contact with the patient’s skin, being breathed in or eaten. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. Skin rash: hives, wheals, accompanied by...

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Prevention of Asthma and its first aid treatment- “Asthma”

Prevention of Asthma  1.Avoid contact with substances that precipitate an attack. 2.Ask him to shift to a place with warm and dry weather. First aid Reassure the patient Ask him to take his usual medication, which may be in the form of an inhalation spray or tablets. Make him sit at a place that is warm and airy. Steam inhalation may also help. Shift him to a hospital immediately if...

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First aid treatment of asthma its causes and diagnose- “Asthma”

Asthma It is an allergic condition characterized by attacks of difficult breathing. It often begins in childhood and may last throughout life. It tends to occur in families. It tends to be worse at night and during winter. An acute attack may be caused by eating or breathing things to which the person is allergic. There is a spasm of the windpipe and its branches, so that breathing becomes difficult....

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Prevention of dysentery and its first aid treatment- “Dysentery”

Prevention of Dysentery Wash hands well before eating Use sanitary latrines Do not eat exposed food or food purchased from unhygienic food handlers. Control fly infestation First aid Give oral rehydration therapy, which consists of water mixed with salts (1 liter of boiled water plus 2 tablespoons of sugar honey and ¼ teaspoon salt and ¼ teaspoon of sodium bicarbonate). It reestablishes the hydration and electrolyte content of the body....

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First aid treatment of dysentery its causes and diagnose- “Dysentery”

Dysentery It is passage of motions with blood and mucus. It can be mild or severe. It can be acute onset and short duration, or chronic, lasting for many days. It is caused by infection with ameba or bacilli. It may be due to conditions like chronic ulcerative colitis. It is due to consumption of contaminated food. First aid Give oral re-hydration therapy, which consists of water mixed with salts...

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