Injury -Dental injury and its first aid

Dental Injury A direct hit generally knocks out anterior teeth. If the teeth are hit but not knocked out, soft tissue damage is only minor. The teeth and mouth are sore. The tooth is not displaced. It may be loose and tender and there may be some gum damage. First aid 1.Ask the victim to hold the tooth in its socket firmly using a towel. 2.Send him to a dentist...

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Injury -Nasal injuries and its first aid

Nasal injuries A blow to the nose causes nasal injuries, as in boxing sport. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is pain and tenderness over the nasal bones. Swelling may be present over the site of the injury. There is bleeding from the nose. A deformity is felt on running a finger down the front of the nose. The nasal bones may be deviated to one side...

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Injury -Maxillofacial injuries and its first aid

Maxillofacial injuries A blow to the upper jaw causes injuries to the maxilla and zygomatic bone, as in boxing. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. One half of a cheek may feel numb. There is pain and tenderness over the affected bones. Swelling may be present over the site of the injury. Teeth may be out of alignment. Chewing or biting on a folded cloth causes pain. Bony...

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Injury -Under water diving injury and its first aid

Under water diving injury With under water diving, there is increase in pressure on the ear drums from outside, while the eustachian tube is unable to equalize pressure. The ear drums may rupture below the depth of 3 meters. It causes severe pain in the ear. First aid Send him to a hospital immediately.

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Injury -Ear injury and its first aid

Ear Injury It is caused by a direct blow to the ear. A hematoma forms due to accumulation of blood between the external ear cartilage and perichondrium. First aid Apply an ice pack locally. Apply compression over the injured ear. Send him to a hospital immediately.

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Injury -Head injuries diagnose and its first aid

Head Injuries Head injuries are always grave injuries because they can be associated with serious injury to the brain within the skull. Niese may be accompanied by skull fractures. They may be caused by road accidents, mining accidents, sports accidents, fall from a height etc. Various manifestations of head injuries are as follows. Scalp wounds. Skull fractures. Concussion: there is a temporary disturbance of the function of the brain. The...

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Injury-Muscle Injuries and its first aid

Muscle Injuries Type                    Features Strain- There is a partial tearing of the muscle, often at the junction of the muscle and its tendon. Rupture- There is a complete tearing of the muscle in its fleshy part or tendon. Deep bruising – It occurs when there is severe injury to a large bulk of the muscle. There is severe and sharp pain over the site of injury to the muscle....

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Injury-Blast injuries and its first aid

Blast injuries Explosions can result from a bomb blast or from accidental ignition of explosive gases. Explosions generate waves of high pressure that can damage lungs and other organs of the body. That can rupture ear drums, cause fractures, and cause embedding of glass pieces in tissues. The clinical features are those of respective injuries that have been discussed elsewhere. First Aid Do not move the victim unless it is...

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Injury-Crush injuries and its first aid

Crush Injuries These are due to severe pressure of a heavy object over a part of the body. There may not be much of an external injury. But there can be extensive damage to the tissues underneath, e.g. muscles and bones. Internal hemorrhage is possible. Toxic materials released from the damaged tissue can enter the blood stream and cause failure of the kidneys. First Aid Release the trapped part from...

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Wound -Wounds to chest, back and its first aid

Wounds to chest and back This commonly occurs in traffic accidents and assaults with knife or gun. These are serious wounds as there is the grave danger of injury to the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels. Heart injuries may be fatal. Injuries to the lungs allow air to escape out, by the pressure of which the lungs collapse and the victim gets hypoxic. Injury to major vessels causes shock,...

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Wound -Wounds of palm of the hand and its first aid

Wounds of palm of the hand  These wounds tend to bleed profusely. There is also the risk of injury to the nerves and tendons in the palm. In such cases, there is a loss of sensation in the affected fingers, and inability to move the fingers. First Aid Control the bleeding by placing a pad of sterile gauze over the wound and applying pressure. Ask the victim to clench the...

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Wound- How to manage an infected wound and its first aid

Infected Wound Any wound that has not begun to heal after 48 hours is infected. It contains bacteria dirt and may contain a foreign body. The infection may spread elsewhere in the body and cause damage. Features of an infected wound are as follows. Pain and soreness in the wound. Swelling and redness around the wound. Pus in the wound. Fever chills. Pain, swelling and tenderness over lymph nodes draining...

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