Burn-Preventive measures for electrical injuries

Burn-Preventive measures for electrical injuries All electrical wiring should be proper. It should be checked periodically. Adequate earthling should be provided to all electrical points. There should not be any live bare wires inserted into sockets. There should not be multiple appliances connected to a single socket. Rubber gloves should be worn by all workers handling the cables. While changing wires or correcting any fault, the mains should be switched...

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Burns-Electrical Injuries: Its cause, diagnose, rescue and first aid treatment

Electrical Injuries: Its cause, diagnose, rescue and first aid treatment If any part of the body comes in contact with an exposed (with loss of its insulation) live wire, electric shock occurs. Faulty electrical connections or blowing out of switches or fuses can cause such injury. The danger is greater if the floor or one’s body is wet. In wet conditions even lower voltage may be dangerous. An electric shock...

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Burns-Rope burns: Its cause and first aid treatment

Burns-Rope burns: Its cause and first aid treatment These are friction bums caused by a rope running through the hands or between the legs, as in the following conditions. Gymnastics. Mountaineering. Sailing. First aid Cool the affected area by placing it in cold water When the pain has subsided, dry the burnt area gently and cover it with sterile, fry dressing. Cover hands with gloves while handling ropes.  

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Burns-Wind burns: Its first aid treatment

Burns-Wind burns: Its first aid treatment The skin can burn by exposure to high velocity wind. First aid Apply moisturizing cream locally Cover the exposed area so as to protect it from the wind.

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Burns-Chemical burns of the eye: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Chemical burns of the eye: Its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment Corrosive chemicals may accidentally enter the eye, e.g. acids, alkalis, corrosives, hot ash etc. Acid injuries in the eye are non-progressive, whereas alkali injuries are progressive. Both can cause serious damage to the eye such as severe scarring and even blindness. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is a history of the chemical splashing into...

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Burns-Chemical burns: its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment

Burns-Chemical burns: its cause, diagnose and first aid treatment Contact with strong corrosives and chemicals like acids and alkalis cause chemical buns.  There is localized irritation and tissue damage. The severity of the damage caused by strong acids and alkalis depends on amount, and duration of contact with the corrosive. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is of contact with the corrosive. Its bottle may be found...

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Burns-Burns In mouth and throat: Its diagnose and first aid treatment

 ­Burns In mouth and throat: Its diagnose and first aid treatment They occur after drinking hot liquid or swallowing corrosive substances like acids or alkalis. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is severe pain in the mouth. There is difficulty in breathing. The victim may be unconsciousness. Skin around the mouth may be burnt. First Aid Give sips cold water of frequent intervals. He may be given...

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Burns-Rescue of victim from the site of fire and its first aid treatment

­Burn-Rescue of victim from the site of fire and its first aid treatment Tie a wet handkerchief over your mouth and nose. Clean air is at ground level, while hot air rich in carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide is higher up. So crawl along the floor to pull out a person who is lying unconscious or is disabled. Quickness of action is important to protect yourself from carbon monoxide that...

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Burns-Clinical features of burns: Severe pain, Redness and swelling

Burns-Clinical features of burns: Severe pain, Redness and swelling There is severe pain at and around the site of burns. Redness and swelling develop around the bums. The skin around a severe bum is gray and charred. The victim may be in shock. There may be breathlessness due to inhalation of fumes. Blisters are vesicles in the skin. They appear late in superficial bums. Later on features of complications like...

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Burns-Characteristics of burns: First degree, Second Degree and third Degree

Burns-Characteristics of burns: First degree, Second Degree and third Degree Surface area of body burnt: it can be found out using the ‘rule of nines’. It is used very accurately in children below the age of 15 years. The whole body is divided into portions of 9%, as shown in the following table. If approximately 10% or more of the body surface of a child or 15% or more of...

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Burns-Types of dangers of burn and its effects

Burns-Types of dangers of burn and its effects Shock: initially the shock is neurogenic, due to the severe pain experienced by the victim. Later it becomes hypovolemic, due to of body fluids. Infection: There is big risk of infection with burns because skin is injured and bacteria settle raw area. The infection can spread into the blood stream (septicemia). Toxemia: it is due to spread of toxins from the burnt...

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Burns-Burns(Dry heat moist heat,Electrical,Radiation): Its causes, types and conditions

Burns(Dry heat moist heat,Electrical,Radiation): Its causes, types and conditions Burns are wounds caused by excessive exposure of the body to heat in any form. Some people restrict the term ‘burns’ for burns occurring from exposure to fry heat like fire, flames, hot metal, sun, heat tension electric current, lighting, and friction, and the term ‘scalds’ for bums resulting from exposure to moist heat like boiling water, steam, oil, hot liquids,...

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