First aid treatment of Febrile convulsions its causes and diagnose- “Febrile convulsions”

 Febrile convulsions in young children These develop in children below the age of 3 years. The child has high fever due to some cause.  First aid Give first aid as for convulsion in an adult. Give tepid sponging. Place him under a fan for cooling his body. Position pillow or soft padding around the child so that even violent movements will not result in injury. Keep the airway open. Send...

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First aid treatment of convulsion its causes and diagnose- “Convulsion”

Convulsion It is a condition characterized by repetitive contraction and relaxation of a group of muscles in the body. It is caused by disturbance in the function of the brain. Convulsion is usually followed by loss of consciousness. Various causes of convulsions are as follows. Disease of the brain. Epilepsy Head injury High fever (in children below the age of 3 years). Inadequate supply of oxygen to the brain. Low...

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First aid treatment of fainting its causes, prevention and diagnose- “Fainting”

Fainting It occurs most frequently in healthy young people, especially during hot weather. It occurs on prolonged standing as in crowd or on a parade ground.  People who are tired, hungry, fearful or emotionally upset faint more readily. It may occur with an emotional shock or on sight of. The condition is diagnosed by the following features: The person who is about to faint feels giddy and looks pale. Then...

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Types of Unconsciousness and its first aid treatment-“Unconsciousness”

  Unconsciousness  Various types of unconsciousness are shown in the following table:        Type                        features Stupor-it is a state of semi consciousness in which person responds only to external stimuli or loud noise. Pupils of the yes contract in response to light Fainting-it is the temporary loss of consciousness. The person recovers spontaneously. Somnolence- it is a state when person feels sleepy or drowsy Coma- it is a...

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First aid treatment of Unconsciousness its causes and diagnose- “Unconsciousness”

Unconsciousness Any disturbance with the normal functioning of the brain and the nerves can bring about unconsciousness. It may be due not only to some disease of or injury to the brain, but also of other organs in the body. What are the causes of unconsciousness? Unconsciousness may be due to any of the following causes. Acute fever Alcohol consumption Brain injuries Convulsions Diabetes or overdoes of insulin Epilepsy Fainting...

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First aid treatment of Alcoholic hallucinations its causes and diagnose- “Alcoholic Hallucinations”

Alcoholic Hallucinations It is an acute toxic state that follows a prolonged heavy drinking. Hallucination is perception of sensation that does not exist. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is anxiety. Irritability is seen Agitation and insomnia are present. Visual, tactile and auditory hallucinations are present. First aid Give the patient adequate sedation and support. Keep him in a place with minimum disturbances

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First aid treatment of Rape its causes and diagnose- “Rape”

Rape It is defined as sexual intercourse of a female by force or under the threat of a force. The victim suffers from the following. Manifestation of Rape Manifestation                            Features Physical injury: Genital injury, local bleeding, wounds elsewhere on the body inflicted during attempts at resistance, fractures, and dislocations. Phase of disorganization: Fear, anger humiliation, guilt, self blame. Phase of resolution: Sleep disturbances, phobias, sexual fear. First aid Reduce the...

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First aid treatment of Suicidal patient its causes and diagnose- “Suicidal patient”

 Suicidal Patient Suicidal tendencies may be due to recent loss of a loved one, status body integrity, failure in examination, love, or of employment. They are also seen in certain psychiatric illnesses. First aid Reassure the victim. Make him understand the importance of life. Prevent self injury by close observation. Send him to hospital immediately for expert psychiatric care.

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First aid treatment of Psychiatric emergencies its causes and diagnose- “Psychiatric emergencies”

Psychiatric emergencies A number of acute psychiatric emergencies may present to the first aider. Agitation, confusion and depression can result from stress. First Aid Approach such a person in a calm, reassuring, and non- threatening manner. Speak softly. Use short and simple sentences when speaking to him. Do not force him to talk about something, if he doesn’t want to. Reassure him. Take him to a quite room to decrease...

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First aid treatment of Glare in eyes its causes, diagnose and prevention- “Glare in eyes”

 Glare in eyes It is produced by seeing welding with naked eyes, looking at the sun directly, and looking at reflected light from polished surfaces or ice. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is an inability to open eyes in bright light (photophobia) There is pain the eyes. The eyes are swollen and red. First aid Give rest to the eyes. Apply cold compresses to the closed...

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First aid treatment of Insomnia its causes and diagnose- “Insomnia”

Insomnia It is a condition characterized by an inability to sleep it may be caused by mental tensions, bad food habits, and excessive tiredness. First aid Ask him to take adequate exercise during the day. Give a glass of warm milk before going to bed. Ask him to take a warm bath before going to bed. A sleeping pill may be given if prescribed by a doctor.

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First aid treatment of Motion sickness its causes and diagnose- “Motion sickness”

Motion sickness Motion sickness is an illness characterized by nausea and vomiting due to hypersensitivity to movement. It is due to a disturbance in the equilibrium center. It occurs during travel by-ship, plane, bus, car, or, train. First aid Ask him to avoid eating or drinking too much before or during the journey. Give him an antiemetic before starting the journey

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