Home » Archive by category "First Aid" (Page 3)

Various types of disinfectant used in first aid treatment-“First Aid“

Various types Disinfectant or Germicide A disinfectant or a germicide is an agent used for killing microorganisms and their spores which cause diseases. Disinfectants are shown in the following table:  Disinfectants Type                                       Example Natural                                   Sunlight, air Physical agents Dry heat                        Burning hot air, hot air oven Moist heat                    Boling, autoclaving Radiation                      ultraviolet rays, gamma rays Chemical agents Solids...

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Eye wash procedure in first aid -“Nursing Principles”

Eye wash procedure  Eye wash or eye irrigation is the procedure of washing the eye under aseptic precautions. It is done to remove a foreign body from the eye, to remove inflammatory discharge from the eye, and before an eye operation. The procedure of giving an eye wash is as follows: Make the patient lie down or sit up as convenient. Tilt the head backward in sitting position. Put mackintosh...

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Hot water bag procedure and its different uses in first aid -“Nursing Principles”

Hot Water Bag Procedure and its Different Uses   A hot water bag is for varied indications such as the following. To relieve pain. To help resorption of a hematoma. To help a patient with urinary retention to pass urine. To keep a patient of hypothermia warm. To keep a newborn baby warm in conditions like premature birth, asphyxia, hypothermia etc. The procedure for the use of a hot water bag...

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Ice bag procedure in first aid-“Nursing Principles”

Ice Bag Procedure  It s a rubber bag in which pieces of ice are kept. It is used to reduce body temperature in cases of high fever, to reduce hemorrhage into a hematoma, and to relieve pain after blunt trauma. The procedure for its use is as follows: Break ice into pieces of desired size. Place them in a bowl of water so as to remove sharp edges which could...

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Cold Pack procedure in first aid and method of Cold Pack-“Nursing Principles”

Cold Pack procedure and method of Cold Pack  This procedure is done to lower body temperature in cases of high fever. The method is as follows. Place a mackintosh and a bath- blanket under the patient. Remove the patient’s clothes. Soak two bed sheets in water at 18 degree C and squeeze them moderately. Turn the patient on one side and place one bed sheet under the patient. Then place...

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Tepid sponging in first aid and method of tepid sponging-“Nursing Principles”

Tepid Sponging and method of Tepid Sponging Sponging is the process in which the patient’s body is cleaned with soap and wet cloth while the patient remains in bed. Ordinary sponging is never required by the first aider but tepid sponging may be required. It is done as to reduce the body temperature in cases of high fever. The method of Tepid Sponging is as follows: Check the body temperature....

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Respiration counting in first aid and respiratory abnormalities-“Nursing Principles”

Respiration counting and Respiratory Abnormalities The respiratory rate is counted by noting the outward and inward movements of the anterior chest wall and anterior abdominal wall per minute. Normal respiratory rate is 16-20/minute. The adequacy of respiration is judged by holding a hand in front of the nose and feeling the blast of air as the patient breathes out. Respiration can be abnormal as shown in the following table. Respiratory...

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Pulse Examination in first aid and sties of peripheral pulses-“Nursing Principles

Pulse Examination-Important principles of Nursing  The pulse is felt over arteries where they lie over a bone and under the skin. It is felt due to the pulsatile flow of blood through the arteries as a result of contraction and volume tells about the condition of the heart and circulation. The pulse can be felt at the following sites. Sties of Peripheral Pulses Vessel                                                        Site Carotid – Against    transverse...

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