Home » Archive by category "First Aid" (Page 2)

Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Hydrogen peroxide”

Hydrogen Peroxide It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: it is used in cleaning of wounds. It breaks down into nascent (active) oxygen and water. The oxygen bubbles remove tissue debris from inaccessible part of wounds. It also kills bacteria by oxidation.

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Glycerin”

Glycerin It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: it is a colorless, odorless, hygroscopic, thick liquid. It is used with other substances mainly magnesium sulphate to reduce swelling inflammation.

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Gentian violet”

Gentian violet It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: it is moderately soluble in water, alcohol and glycerin. Its 1% solution in 10% alcohol is used for superficial pyogenic infection of skin and mucous membranes, chronic and irritant lesions of the skin.

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Carbolic acid”

Carbolic acid It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: It is a hygroscopic and highly corrosive substance. It is used as disinfectant for sharp instruments like scissors and knife blades. It is used topically to cauterize dog bites, snake bites and other small wounds.

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Boric Acid”

Boric Acid It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: It is available in the form of colorless and odorless oystals or white powder. Its solubility in water is 5% and in glycerin in 25%. It is used as solution, dusting powder, or ointment. It is used for mucosal inflammation such as eczema, burns, impetigo, fungal infections of skin and bed...

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Acriflavine”

Acriflavine It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features it is aniline derivative, soluble in water. It is orange in powder from and yellow in 1:1000 aqueous solutions. It stains tissues yellow. It has a bacteriostatic and bactericidal action upon a variety of bacteria, especially gram positive bacteria in an alkaline medium.

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Spirit”

 Spirit         It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features  It is a 70% solution of alcohol in water. It kills bacteria effectively. It is used for disinfection of the skin, instruments and ampoules of injections. It is not used for disinfection of raw surfaces and wounds because it exposes tissue, aggravates injuries, and removes the coagulum formed...

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Common disinfectants (Dettol,Savlon,Potassium permanganate) used in first aid treatment-“First Aid”

Common Disinfectants  Dettol: when used to clean the skin surface, it is applied in pure form and left uncovered until the skin becomes dry. When used as an antiseptic hand lotion, two to four teaspoonful of dettol is added to 5oo ml of water. Savlon: In a dilution of 1:200, it is used for general antiseptic purposes like washing hospital equipment, disinfection of soiled linen, and spraying the patient’s room....

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