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Sterilization process and its various methods in first aid treatment-“First Aid”

Sterilization Process and its various Methods It is the process of destroying all microorganisms. In first aid gauze, cotton wool, syringes, needles, and instruments have to be sterilized before use, so as to prevent wound infection. Various methods of sterilization for different articles are as shown in the following table. Article                                              Method Syringes              –                          Boiling for...

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Sulfur ointment”

Sulfur ointment It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: it contains 10% precipitated sulfur. It is fungicide and parasiticide. It is used for various skin disorders.

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Silver nitrate”

Silver Nitrate It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: it is in the form of colorless crystals freely soluble in water. It is caustic, antiseptic, and astringent. Its sticks are used for chemical cauterization of  granulation tissue. Its 1:1000 solution is used for irrigation of bladder. Its 10% solution is used for application to infected oral ulcers. 

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Povidone iodine”

Povidone Iodine It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: it is a complex of iodine with polyvinylpyrrolidone  and is available as 5 and 10 % solutions for antiseptic use. It is less painful than tincture of iodine when applied to wounds.  

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Nitrofurazone”

Nitrofurazone It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: it is used as topical antibacterial agent in the treatment of mixed infections of skin wounds.

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Merbromin (Mercurochrome)”

Merbromin (Mercurochrome) It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: it is an organic salt of mercury with weak antiseptic action It is more bacteriostalic and less irritating and less toxic than inorganic salts of mercury. It is used as antiseptic over dressing.

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“ Iodoform”

Iodoform It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: it is a mixture of iodine, alcohol and potash. It has a penetrating , rather pleasant smell. It is a mild antiseptic. It relives pain when applied to a raw mucous surface and prevents putrefaction in wounds discharging pus.  

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Various types of antiseptics their features and uses in first aid treatment-“Iodine”

Iodine It is an agent used for preventing the growth of microorganism. But it cannot kill microorganisms. Features: It is in the form of grayish – back, brittle plate- shaped crystals with a metallic luster. Its tincture contains 2% iodine and 2% potassium iodide in alcoholic solution. It is used for disinfection of skin and treatment of wounds. It 0.5 to 1% aqueous solution is used for application to wounds,...

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