First aid treatment of Heart attack its causes, prevention and diagnose- “Heart attack”

Heart attack If the blood supply to the heart is suddenly obstructed by a clot in one of the coronary arteries, the heart muscle undergoes infarction (death). This is called a heart attack. The condition is diagnosed by the following features: The onset is acute and occurs usually at rear There is retrostenal pain which is of gripping or constricting nature. It is not relived by rest. There is excessive...

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First aid treatment of angina pectoris its causes, prevention and diagnose- “Angina Pectoris”

Angina pectoris It is a retrosternal pain due to cardiac ischemia. It occurs on physical activity, due to the coronary arteries being unable to deliver adequate amount blood to the heart muscle in face of increased demands. It is due to partial occasion of the vessels due to theroscleriosis. It may occur after a heavy meal, due to the blood supply being shunted to the gastrointestinal tract. The condition is...

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First aid treatment of Hypoglycemia its causes and diagnose- “Hypoglycemia”

   Hypoglycemia It is a condition characterized by a drop in blood sugar level below normal. It occurs in a person suffering from diabetes mellitus, who takes his medication but does not eat as required. The condition is diagnosed by the following features.         The person behaves abnormally. There is excessive sweating , weakness, faintness, and tremors He may become unconscious. First aid If the patient is conscious, give him...

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First aid treatment of Stroke (apoplexy) its causes and diagnose- “Stroke (apoplexy)”

 Stroke (apoplexy) It is a condition characterized by decreased blood supply to the brain due to formation of a blood clot in its arteries, lodging of an embolus in its artery, or rupture of its artery and hemorrhage from. It usually occurs in elderly person, especially if they suffer from high blood pressure. The manifestations of a stroke depend on the site and severity of involvement of the brain. The...

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First aid treatment of Hysteria its causes and diagnose- “Hysteria”

Hysteria It is a psychiatric disorder in which there is attention seeking. It is usually found in women. There are manifestations of different diseases when there is actually no organic disease present. It is due to conversion of her anxiety into physical symptoms. They range from something as minor as giddiness to something as serious as blindness or paralysis. However the symptoms are bizarre and do not fit in any...

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First aid treatment of Febrile convulsions its causes and diagnose- “Febrile convulsions”

 Febrile convulsions in young children These develop in children below the age of 3 years. The child has high fever due to some cause.  First aid Give first aid as for convulsion in an adult. Give tepid sponging. Place him under a fan for cooling his body. Position pillow or soft padding around the child so that even violent movements will not result in injury. Keep the airway open. Send...

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First aid treatment of convulsion its causes and diagnose- “Convulsion”

Convulsion It is a condition characterized by repetitive contraction and relaxation of a group of muscles in the body. It is caused by disturbance in the function of the brain. Convulsion is usually followed by loss of consciousness. Various causes of convulsions are as follows. Disease of the brain. Epilepsy Head injury High fever (in children below the age of 3 years). Inadequate supply of oxygen to the brain. Low...

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First aid treatment of fainting its causes, prevention and diagnose- “Fainting”

Fainting It occurs most frequently in healthy young people, especially during hot weather. It occurs on prolonged standing as in crowd or on a parade ground.  People who are tired, hungry, fearful or emotionally upset faint more readily. It may occur with an emotional shock or on sight of. The condition is diagnosed by the following features: The person who is about to faint feels giddy and looks pale. Then...

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Types of Unconsciousness and its first aid treatment-“Unconsciousness”

  Unconsciousness  Various types of unconsciousness are shown in the following table:        Type                        features Stupor-it is a state of semi consciousness in which person responds only to external stimuli or loud noise. Pupils of the yes contract in response to light Fainting-it is the temporary loss of consciousness. The person recovers spontaneously. Somnolence- it is a state when person feels sleepy or drowsy Coma- it is a...

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First aid treatment of Unconsciousness its causes and diagnose- “Unconsciousness”

Unconsciousness Any disturbance with the normal functioning of the brain and the nerves can bring about unconsciousness. It may be due not only to some disease of or injury to the brain, but also of other organs in the body. What are the causes of unconsciousness? Unconsciousness may be due to any of the following causes. Acute fever Alcohol consumption Brain injuries Convulsions Diabetes or overdoes of insulin Epilepsy Fainting...

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First aid treatment of Alcoholic hallucinations its causes and diagnose- “Alcoholic Hallucinations”

Alcoholic Hallucinations It is an acute toxic state that follows a prolonged heavy drinking. Hallucination is perception of sensation that does not exist. The condition is diagnosed by the following features. There is anxiety. Irritability is seen Agitation and insomnia are present. Visual, tactile and auditory hallucinations are present. First aid Give the patient adequate sedation and support. Keep him in a place with minimum disturbances

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First aid treatment of Rape its causes and diagnose- “Rape”

Rape It is defined as sexual intercourse of a female by force or under the threat of a force. The victim suffers from the following. Manifestation of Rape Manifestation                            Features Physical injury: Genital injury, local bleeding, wounds elsewhere on the body inflicted during attempts at resistance, fractures, and dislocations. Phase of disorganization: Fear, anger humiliation, guilt, self blame. Phase of resolution: Sleep disturbances, phobias, sexual fear. First aid Reduce the...

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