First aid treatment of Alcohol poisoning its causes and diagnose- Poisoning

Alcohol Poisoning Alcohol (ethanol) is a drug of addiction that depresses the activity of the central nervous system. Prolonged intake can result in impairment of physical and mental abilities, and extensive damage to the liver and other organs in the body. Acute alcohol poisoning is diagnosed by the following features. History of ingestion of alcohol may be present. Smell of alcohol is perceived on the victim’s breath. The speech is...

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First aid treatment of food poisoning its causes and diagnose-Poisoning

Food Poisoning Food poisoning is commonly due to ingestion of contaminated water, food substances, not boiled and unclean vegetables, contaminated milk and milk products, and toxins produced by bacteria preset in these foods. Such cases mostly occur in summer due to higher environmental temperature that promotes decomposition of food. A large number of persons may get affected at a time in parties, marriages dinners etc. The condition is diagnosed by...

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Effects of Gas Inhalation and its first aid- Poisoning

Effects of Gas Inhalation and its first aid treatment- Poisoning  Gas                                         Effects Carbon monoxide acute –    Dusky skin with a faint red tinge, rapid, distressed breathing, impairment or loss of consciousness Chronic –   Headache, confusion, nausea, vomiting, aggression, incontinence Carbon dioxide – Headache, breathlessness, confusion, and unconsciousness Smoke – Rapid, noisy, distressed breathing, coughing, wheezing burning around the mouth and nose, unconsciousness. Solvents and fuels – Headache,...

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First aid treatment of gas poisoning (carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, ammonia vapor, inflammable gases) its causes and diagnose- Poisoning

Gas Poisoning Various poisonous gases that may be inhaled accidentally are carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, ammonia vapor, inflammable gases, etc. gases in the exhaust of a car or running engine in an enclose space, and gases coming from burning stoves in closed space are carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. It can also occur in a refrigeration plant or cold storage. Cooking gas may leak from cylinders or faulty connections. These...

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Antidotes(vinegar, milk, barely water) for Various Poisons-Poisoning

Antidotes for Various Poisons-Poisoning Poison                                    Antidote Acid – Milk plus milk of magnesia, Olive oil, Butter, White of an egg, barely water Alkali – Vinegar, Lemon Juice, Orange Juice, Barley water Castor oil- plenty of water Jamal gota – Milk, White of an egg Lead- Milk, White of an egg, Barely water Copper – Milk, White of an egg, Barely water Petroleum – Vegetable oil Products – liquid paraffin...

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First aid treatment of household poisoning (insecticides, pesticides, bleaching powder, solution, acids) its causes and effects-Poisoning

Household poisoning  A number of household items are actually poisons, e.g. insecticides, pesticides, bleaching powder or solution , acids, kerosene, turpentine , glue, paraffin, alcohol, etc. chemical burn or by swallowing. Children may swallow these accidentally. The symptoms of poisoning appear suddenly and may intensify. They can be quite serious form if the treated in time. Sleeping pills can cause unconsciousness.     First Aid In case of ingestion of a poison,...

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Mechanisms of Action of Poisons-Poisoning

Mechanisms of Action of Poisons- Poisoning Poison                          Mechanism of action Ingested poisons – They act directly on the digestive tract causing pain, vomiting, and diarrhea.      Corrosive poisons – on swallowing, they burn tissues severely , e.g. lips, mouth, esophagus, and stomach. Fumes and gases – they cause choking, which may lead to difficulty in breathing and unconsciousness. Chemical poisons – their toxic effects may be seen on the...

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How poisons enter the body and its clinical features-Poisoning

How poisons enter the body and its clinical features- Poisoning A poison is a substance that, if taken into the body in sufficient quantity, can cause temporary or permanent damage or even death. Poisoning is a condition caused by introduction of harmful substances into the body by injection, ingestion, or inhalation. A poison may be taken by a person accidentally, for suicidal purpose, or be given to a person with...

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First Aid Treatment of Fish bites its causes and diagnose-Bites and Stings

Fish Bites Jelly fish and sting ray fish can harm the human beings by stinging. Their stings are located on the lower border of their tails. The stings of these fishes are quite painful but never fatal. The condition is diagnosed. The jelly fish generally stings on the hand or feet. The victim is uneasy. There is local pain. The sting of the fish breaks in the tissues bitten. The...

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First Aid Treatment of Rat Bite its causes and diagnose-Bites and Stings

Rat Bite Rats are found in the hose, garden farm, gutter, and jungle. Generally they live in dirty place so the places scratched by them get easily infected. They can spread a dangerous disease called plague. First Aid Send the victim of a rat bite to a hospital immediately.   

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First Aid Treatment of Cat Bite its causes and diagnose-Bites and Stings

Cat Bite Generally a cat does not bite a person unless provoked. The injuries caused by a cat are bites or scratches by its nails. The condition is not very serious unless the cat has rabies. First Aid Wash and dress the wound. Send the victim to a doctor to get an injection of tetanus toxoid for prevention of tetanus. Watch out for features of rabies in the cat

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Prevention of rabies and its first aid treatment-Bites and Stings

Prevention of rabies and its first aid treatment A case of rabid dog bites are immediately notified. All pets should be vaccinated. Stray dogs should be eliminated. First Aid Wash the wound thoroughly with soap or detergent and water. Shift the patient to hospital immediately for anti-rabies vaccination and local treatment of the wound. Apply an antiseptic cream locally The dog should be kept under observation for ten days. If...

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